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DBMS > Google Cloud Bigtable vs. HBase vs. Solr

System Properties Comparison Google Cloud Bigtable vs. HBase vs. Solr

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle Cloud Bigtable  Xexclude from comparisonHBase  Xexclude from comparisonSolr  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionGoogle's NoSQL Big Data database service. It's the same database that powers many core Google services, including Search, Analytics, Maps, and Gmail.Wide-column store based on Apache Hadoop and on concepts of BigTableA widely used distributed, scalable search engine based on Apache Lucene
Primary database modelKey-value store
Wide column store
Wide column storeSearch engine
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score5.44
Rank#79  Overall
#12  Key-value stores
#6  Wide column stores
Score41.66
Rank#26  Overall
#2  Wide column stores
Score53.50
Rank#21  Overall
#3  Search engines
Websitecloud.google.com/­bigtablehbase.apache.orglucene.apache.org/­solr
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­bigtable/­docshbase.apache.orglucene.apache.org/­solr/­resources.html
DeveloperGoogleApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by PowersetApache Software Foundation
Initial release201520082006
Current release2.3.4, January 20219.0.0, May 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache Version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaJava
Server operating systemshostedLinux
Unix
Windows infousing Cygwin
All OS with a Java VM inforuns as a servlet in servlet container (e.g. Tomcat, Jetty is included)
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free, schema definition possibleyes infoDynamic Fields enables on-the-fly addition of new fields
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenooptions to bring your own types, AVROyes infosupports customizable data types and automatic typing
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes
Secondary indexesnonoyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexed
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoSolr Parallel SQL Interface
APIs and other access methodsgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HappyBase (Python library)
HBase compatible API (Java)
Java API
RESTful HTTP API
Thrift
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C
C#
C++
Groovy
Java
PHP
Python
Scala
.Net
Erlang
Java
JavaScript
any language that supports sockets and either XML or JSON
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infoCoprocessors in JavaJava plugins
Triggersnoyesyes infoUser configurable commands triggered on index changes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesInternal replication in Colossus, and regional replication between two clusters in different zonesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyesspark-solr: github.com/­lucidworks/­spark-solr and streaming expressions to reduce
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate consistency (for a single cluster), Eventual consistency (for two or more replicated clusters)Immediate Consistency or Eventual ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataAtomic single-row operationsSingle row ACID (across millions of columns)optimistic locking
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)Access Control Lists (ACL) for RBAC, integration with Apache Ranger for RBAC & ABACyes

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More resources
Google Cloud BigtableHBaseSolr
DB-Engines blog posts

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Recent citations in the news

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