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DBMS > Google Cloud Bigtable vs. HBase vs. Microsoft SQL Server

System Properties Comparison Google Cloud Bigtable vs. HBase vs. Microsoft SQL Server

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle Cloud Bigtable  Xexclude from comparisonHBase  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionGoogle's NoSQL Big Data database service. It's the same database that powers many core Google services, including Search, Analytics, Maps, and Gmail.Wide-column store based on Apache Hadoop and on concepts of BigTableMicrosofts flagship relational DBMS
Primary database modelKey-value store
Wide column store
Wide column storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score5.03
Rank#79  Overall
#12  Key-value stores
#6  Wide column stores
Score41.97
Rank#26  Overall
#2  Wide column stores
Score926.30
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Websitecloud.google.com/­bigtablehbase.apache.orgwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-server
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­bigtable/­docshbase.apache.orgdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-server
DeveloperGoogleApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by PowersetMicrosoft
Initial release201520081989
Current release2.3.4, January 2021SQL Server 2019, November 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache version 2commercial inforestricted free version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaC++
Server operating systemshostedLinux
Unix
Windows infousing Cygwin
Linux
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free, schema definition possibleyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenooptions to bring your own types, AVROyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes
Secondary indexesnonoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoyes
APIs and other access methodsgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HappyBase (Python library)
HBase compatible API (Java)
Java API
RESTful HTTP API
Thrift
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C
C#
C++
Groovy
Java
PHP
Python
Scala
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infoCoprocessors in JavaTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Java
Triggersnoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingtables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federation
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesInternal replication in Colossus, and regional replication between two clusters in different zonesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yes, but depending on the SQL-Server Edition
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate consistency (for a single cluster), Eventual consistency (for two or more replicated clusters)Immediate Consistency or Eventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataAtomic single-row operationsSingle row ACID (across millions of columns)ACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)Access Control Lists (ACL) for RBAC, integration with Apache Ranger for RBAC & ABACfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
Google Cloud BigtableHBaseMicrosoft SQL Server
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