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DBMS > Google Cloud Bigtable vs. HBase

System Properties Comparison Google Cloud Bigtable vs. HBase

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle Cloud Bigtable  Xexclude from comparisonHBase  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionGoogle's NoSQL Big Data database service. It's the same database that powers many core Google services, including Search, Analytics, Maps, and Gmail.Wide-column store based on Apache Hadoop and on concepts of BigTable
Primary database modelKey-value store
Wide column store
Wide column store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.44
Rank#86  Overall
#14  Key-value stores
#6  Wide column stores
Score42.07
Rank#26  Overall
#2  Wide column stores
Websitecloud.google.com/­bigtablehbase.apache.org
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­bigtable/­docshbase.apache.org
DeveloperGoogleApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Powerset
Initial release20152008
Current release2.3.4, January 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJava
Server operating systemshostedLinux
Unix
Windows infousing Cygwin
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free, schema definition possible
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenooptions to bring your own types, AVRO
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesnono
SQL infoSupport of SQLnono
APIs and other access methodsgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HappyBase (Python library)
HBase compatible API (Java)
Java API
RESTful HTTP API
Thrift
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C
C#
C++
Groovy
Java
PHP
Python
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infoCoprocessors in Java
Triggersnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesInternal replication in Colossus, and regional replication between two clusters in different zonesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate consistency (for a single cluster), Eventual consistency (for two or more replicated clusters)Immediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataAtomic single-row operationsSingle row ACID (across millions of columns)
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)Access Control Lists (ACL) for RBAC, integration with Apache Ranger for RBAC & ABAC
More information provided by the system vendor
Google Cloud BigtableHBase
Specific characteristicsApache HBase is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well suited...
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Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures very high availability with multiple customers...
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Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
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Key customersApple, Salesforce, Cerner, Allegis Group, Bloomberg, Airtel, Thomson Reuters, Dish,...
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Market metrics#1 largest NoSQL database by revenue
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Licensing and pricing modelsApache license P ricing for commercial distribution provided by Cloudera and available...
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