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DBMS > Google Cloud Bigtable vs. H2 vs. XTDB

System Properties Comparison Google Cloud Bigtable vs. H2 vs. XTDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle Cloud Bigtable  Xexclude from comparisonH2  Xexclude from comparisonXTDB infoformerly named Crux  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionGoogle's NoSQL Big Data database service. It's the same database that powers many core Google services, including Search, Analytics, Maps, and Gmail.Full-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.A general purpose database with bitemporal SQL and Datalog and graph queries
Primary database modelKey-value store
Wide column store
Relational DBMSDocument store
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score5.44
Rank#79  Overall
#12  Key-value stores
#6  Wide column stores
Score9.56
Rank#50  Overall
#31  Relational DBMS
Score0.13
Rank#345  Overall
#48  Document stores
Websitecloud.google.com/­bigtablewww.h2database.comgithub.com/­xtdb/­xtdb
xtdb.com
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­bigtable/­docswww.h2database.com/­html/­main.htmlxtdb.com/­docs
DeveloperGoogleThomas MuellerJuxt Ltd.
Initial release201520052019
Current release2.1.210, January 20221.19, September 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infodual-licence (Mozilla public license, Eclipse public license)Open Source infoMIT License
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaClojure
Server operating systemshostedAll OS with a Java VMAll OS with a Java 8 (and higher) VM
Linux
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyes, extensible-data-notation format
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyeslimited SQL, making use of Apache Calcite
APIs and other access methodsgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HappyBase (Python library)
HBase compatible API (Java)
JDBC
ODBC
HTTP REST
JDBC
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
JavaClojure
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoJava Stored Procedures and User-Defined Functionsno
Triggersnoyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesInternal replication in Colossus, and regional replication between two clusters in different zonesWith clustering: 2 database servers on different computers operate on identical copies of a databaseyes, each node contains all data
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate consistency (for a single cluster), Eventual consistency (for two or more replicated clusters)Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataAtomic single-row operationsACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes, flexibel persistency by using storage technologies like Apache Kafka, RocksDB or LMDB
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
Google Cloud BigtableH2XTDB infoformerly named Crux
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