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DBMS > Google Cloud Bigtable vs. Graphite vs. Oracle

System Properties Comparison Google Cloud Bigtable vs. Graphite vs. Oracle

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle Cloud Bigtable  Xexclude from comparisonGraphite  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionGoogle's NoSQL Big Data database service. It's the same database that powers many core Google services, including Search, Analytics, Maps, and Gmail.Data logging and graphing tool for time series data infoThe storage layer (fixed size database) is called WhisperWidely used RDBMS
Primary database modelKey-value store
Wide column store
Time Series DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Spatial DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.86
Rank#90  Overall
#13  Key-value stores
#7  Wide column stores
Score4.84
Rank#79  Overall
#5  Time Series DBMS
Score1221.06
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Websitecloud.google.com/­bigtablegithub.com/­graphite-project/­graphite-webwww.oracle.com/­database
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­bigtable/­docsgraphite.readthedocs.iodocs.oracle.com/­en/­database
DeveloperGoogleChris DavisOracle
Initial release201520061980
Current release21c, January 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercial inforestricted free version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languagePythonC and C++
Server operating systemshostedLinux
Unix
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Data schemeschema-freeyesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columns
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoNumeric data onlyyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes
Secondary indexesnonoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoyes infowith proprietary extensions
APIs and other access methodsgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HappyBase (Python library)
HBase compatible API (Java)
HTTP API
Sockets
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonoPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possible
Triggersnonoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnoneSharding, horizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesInternal replication in Colossus, and regional replication between two clusters in different zonesnoneMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnono infocan be realized in PL/SQL
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate consistency (for a single cluster), Eventual consistency (for two or more replicated clusters)noneImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataAtomic single-row operationsnoACID infoisolation level can be parameterized
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infolockingyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)nofine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
Google Cloud BigtableGraphiteOracle
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