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DBMS > dBASE vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. Graphite vs. MonetDB vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison dBASE vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. Graphite vs. MonetDB vs. PostgreSQL

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NamedBASE  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Bigtable  Xexclude from comparisonGraphite  Xexclude from comparisonMonetDB  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptiondBase was one of the first databases with a development environment on PC's. Its latest version dBase V is still sold as dBase classic, which needs a DOS Emulation. The up-to-date product is dBase plus.Google's NoSQL Big Data database service. It's the same database that powers many core Google services, including Search, Analytics, Maps, and Gmail.Data logging and graphing tool for time series data infoThe storage layer (fixed size database) is called WhisperA relational database management system that stores data in columnsWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMSWide column storeTime Series DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score14.77
Rank#41  Overall
#25  Relational DBMS
Score4.27
Rank#85  Overall
#6  Wide column stores
Score5.63
Rank#70  Overall
#4  Time Series DBMS
Score1.97
Rank#126  Overall
#62  Relational DBMS
Score597.27
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.dbase.comcloud.google.com/­bigtablegithub.com/­graphite-project/­graphite-webwww.monetdb.orgwww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationwww.dbase.com/­support/­knowledgebasecloud.google.com/­bigtable/­docsgraphite.readthedocs.iowww.monetdb.org/­Documentationwww.postgresql.org/­docs
DeveloperAsthon TateGoogleChris DavisMonetDB BVPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release19792015200620041989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current releasedBASE 2019, 2019Oct2020-SP2, January 202114.1, November 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoMozilla Public License 2.0Open Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languagePythonCC
Server operating systemsDOS infodBase Classic
Windows infodBase Pro
hostedLinux
Unix
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoNumeric data onlyyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyesnonoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnononoyes infoSQL 2003 with some extensionsyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsnone infoThe IDE can access other DBMS or ODBC-sources.gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HappyBase (Python library)
HBase compatible API (Java)
HTTP API
Sockets
JDBC
native C library infoMAPI library (MonetDB application programming interface)
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesdBase proprietary IDEC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresno infoThe IDE can access stored procedures in other database systems.nonoyes, in SQL, C, Ruser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersnononoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingnoneSharding via remote tablespartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnoneInternal replication in Colossus, and regional replication between two clusters in different zonesnonenone infoSource-replica replication available in experimental statusSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate consistency (for a single cluster), Eventual consistency (for two or more replicated clusters)noneImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnonoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infonot for dBase internal data, but IDE does support transactions when accessing external DBMSAtomic single-row operationsnoACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infolockingyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and rolesAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)nofine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
dBASEGoogle Cloud BigtableGraphiteMonetDBPostgreSQL
Specific characteristicsColumn-store In-memory optimized GeoSpatial support JSON document support
» more
Competitive advantagesScalable architecture - vertical data organization and in-memory optimization guarantee...
» more
Typical application scenariosAnalytical database, Data warehouse, OLAP Data mining Scientific database
» more
Key customersNumascale , Spinque , SecurActive , CHS , NOZHUP
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsFree and open-source software, Mozilla Public License 2.0 Commercial support available
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
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