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DBMS > Google Cloud Bigtable vs. Graphite vs. MonetDB vs. Oracle NoSQL vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison Google Cloud Bigtable vs. Graphite vs. MonetDB vs. Oracle NoSQL vs. PostgreSQL

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle Cloud Bigtable  Xexclude from comparisonGraphite  Xexclude from comparisonMonetDB  Xexclude from comparisonOracle NoSQL  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionGoogle's NoSQL Big Data database service. It's the same database that powers many core Google services, including Search, Analytics, Maps, and Gmail.Data logging and graphing tool for time series data infoThe storage layer (fixed size database) is called WhisperA relational database management system that stores data in columnsA multi-model, scalable, distributed NoSQL database, designed to provide highly reliable, flexible, and available data management across a configurable set of storage nodesWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelWide column storeTime Series DBMSRelational DBMSDocument store
Key-value store
Relational DBMS
Relational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.63
Rank#91  Overall
#8  Wide column stores
Score5.70
Rank#67  Overall
#4  Time Series DBMS
Score1.91
Rank#125  Overall
#60  Relational DBMS
Score4.23
Rank#83  Overall
#14  Document stores
#13  Key-value stores
#45  Relational DBMS
Score608.21
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websitecloud.google.com/­bigtablegithub.com/­graphite-project/­graphite-webwww.monetdb.orgwww.oracle.com/­database/­technologies/­related/­nosql.htmlwww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­bigtable/­docsgraphite.readthedocs.iowww.monetdb.org/­Documentationdocs.oracle.com/­en/­database/­other-databases/­nosql-database/­index.htmlwww.postgresql.org/­docs
DeveloperGoogleChris DavisMonetDB BVOraclePostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release20152006200420111989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current releaseOct2020-SP2, January 202121.2, September 202114.1, November 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoMozilla Public License 2.0Open Source infoProprietary for Enterprise Edition (Oracle Database EE license has Oracle NoSQL database EE covered: details)Open Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languagePythonCJavaC
Server operating systemshostedLinux
Unix
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
Solaris SPARC/x86
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesyesSupport Fixed schema and Schema-less deployment with the ability to interoperate between them.yes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoNumeric data onlyyesoptionalyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononoyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesnonoyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoyes infoSQL 2003 with some extensionsSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HappyBase (Python library)
HBase compatible API (Java)
HTTP API
Sockets
JDBC
native C library infoMAPI library (MonetDB application programming interface)
ODBC
RESTful HTTP APIADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
C
C#
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonoyes, in SQL, C, Rnouser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersnonoyesnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnoneSharding via remote tablesShardingpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesInternal replication in Colossus, and regional replication between two clusters in different zonesnonenone infoSource-replica replication available in experimental statusElectable source-replica replication per shard. Support distributed global deployment with Multi-region table featureSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnonowith Hadoop integrationno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate consistency (for a single cluster), Eventual consistency (for two or more replicated clusters)noneEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infodepending on configuration
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyesnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataAtomic single-row operationsnoACIDconfigurable infoACID within a storage node (=shard)ACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infolockingyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infooff heap cacheno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)nofine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Google Cloud BigtableGraphiteMonetDBOracle NoSQLPostgreSQL
Specific characteristicsColumn-store In-memory optimized GeoSpatial support JSON document support
» more
Competitive advantagesScalable architecture - vertical data organization and in-memory optimization guarantee...
» more
Typical application scenariosAnalytical database, Data warehouse, OLAP Data mining Scientific database
» more
Key customersNumascale , Spinque , SecurActive , CHS , NOZHUP
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsFree and open-source software, Mozilla Public License 2.0 Commercial support available
» more

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More resources
Google Cloud BigtableGraphiteMonetDBOracle NoSQLPostgreSQL
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