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DBMS > Google Cloud Bigtable vs. Graphite vs. LMDB vs. OpenTSDB vs. TiDB

System Properties Comparison Google Cloud Bigtable vs. Graphite vs. LMDB vs. OpenTSDB vs. TiDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle Cloud Bigtable  Xexclude from comparisonGraphite  Xexclude from comparisonLMDB  Xexclude from comparisonOpenTSDB  Xexclude from comparisonTiDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionGoogle's NoSQL Big Data database service. It's the same database that powers many core Google services, including Search, Analytics, Maps, and Gmail.Data logging and graphing tool for time series data infoThe storage layer (fixed size database) is called WhisperA high performant, light-weight, embedded key-value database libraryScalable Time Series DBMS based on HBaseTiDB is an open source distributed Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) database that supports MySQL and Spark SQL syntaxes.
Primary database modelWide column storeTime Series DBMSKey-value storeTime Series DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.27
Rank#85  Overall
#6  Wide column stores
Score5.63
Rank#70  Overall
#4  Time Series DBMS
Score2.77
Rank#108  Overall
#21  Key-value stores
Score1.95
Rank#127  Overall
#8  Time Series DBMS
Score3.23
Rank#99  Overall
#52  Relational DBMS
Websitecloud.google.com/­bigtablegithub.com/­graphite-project/­graphite-webwww.symas.com/­symas-embedded-database-lmdbopentsdb.netpingcap.com
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­bigtable/­docsgraphite.readthedocs.ioopentsdb.net/­docs/­build/­html/­index.htmldocs.pingcap.com/­tidb/­stable
DeveloperGoogleChris DavisSymascurrently maintained by Yahoo and other contributorsPingCAP, Inc.
Initial release20152006201120112016
Current release0.9.29, March 20215.0.1, April 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open SourceOpen Source infoLGPLOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
TiDB Cloud: Fully-managed TiDB Service. Bring everything great about TiDB to the cloud.
Implementation languagePythonCJavaGo, Rust
Server operating systemshostedLinux
Unix
Linux
Windows
Linux
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-freeschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoNumeric data onlynumeric data for metrics, strings for tagsyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonononono
Secondary indexesnonononoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonononoyes
APIs and other access methodsgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HappyBase (Python library)
HBase compatible API (Java)
HTTP API
Sockets
HTTP API
Telnet API
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
CErlang
Go
Java
Python
R
Ruby
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonononono
Triggersnonononono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnonenoneSharding infobased on HBasehorizontal partitioning (by key range)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesInternal replication in Colossus, and regional replication between two clusters in different zonesnonenoneselectable replication factor infobased on HBaseUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnononoyes infowith TiSpark Connector
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate consistency (for a single cluster), Eventual consistency (for two or more replicated clusters)noneImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency infobased on HBaseImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonononono infocurrently only supported in syntax
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataAtomic single-row operationsnoACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infolockingyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesnono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)nononoUsers with fine-grained authorization concept. No user groups or roles.
More information provided by the system vendor
Google Cloud BigtableGraphiteLMDBOpenTSDBTiDB
Specific characteristicsTiDB is an open-source NewSQL database built by PingCAP. TiDB supports Hybrid Transactional...
» more
Competitive advantagesIn the current database landscape, infrastructure engineers often have to use one...
» more
Typical application scenariosTiDB is designed to support both OLTP and OLAP scenarios. You can use TiDB , the...
» more
Key customersShopee (E-commerce) BookMyShow.com (E-commerce) Yiguo.com (E-commerce) JD Cloud &...
» more
Market metrics25K+ GitHub Stars for TiDB, and 8K+ GitHub Stars for TiKV 1.6K+ members in TiDB Community...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen Source Apache 2.0 with either commercial licensing or fully-hosted DB-as-a-service...
» more
News

How to Connect TiDB Cloud to Metabase
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KubeCon 2021 Q&A: PingCAP Recaps the Event and Explores Its HTAP Database
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PingCAP Introduces Its New Developer Tier to Boost Application Innovation with TiDB Cloud
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TiDB Cloud Introduces Developer Tier
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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
Google Cloud BigtableGraphiteLMDBOpenTSDBTiDB
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