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DBMS > Google Cloud Bigtable vs. Graphite vs. InterSystems Caché vs. MonetDB vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison Google Cloud Bigtable vs. Graphite vs. InterSystems Caché vs. MonetDB vs. PostgreSQL

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle Cloud Bigtable  Xexclude from comparisonGraphite  Xexclude from comparisonInterSystems Caché  Xexclude from comparisonMonetDB  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionGoogle's NoSQL Big Data database service. It's the same database that powers many core Google services, including Search, Analytics, Maps, and Gmail.Data logging and graphing tool for time series data infoThe storage layer (fixed size database) is called WhisperA multi-model DBMS and application serverA relational database management system that stores data in columnsWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelWide column storeTime Series DBMSKey-value store
Object oriented DBMS
Relational DBMS
Relational DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.27
Rank#85  Overall
#6  Wide column stores
Score5.63
Rank#70  Overall
#4  Time Series DBMS
Score3.29
Rank#97  Overall
#16  Key-value stores
#1  Object oriented DBMS
#51  Relational DBMS
Score1.97
Rank#126  Overall
#62  Relational DBMS
Score597.27
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websitecloud.google.com/­bigtablegithub.com/­graphite-project/­graphite-webwww.intersystems.com/­products/­cachewww.monetdb.orgwww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­bigtable/­docsgraphite.readthedocs.iodocs.intersystems.comwww.monetdb.org/­Documentationwww.postgresql.org/­docs
DeveloperGoogleChris DavisInterSystemsMonetDB BVPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release20152006199720041989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current release2018.1.4, May 2020Oct2020-SP2, January 202114.1, November 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercialOpen Source infoMozilla Public License 2.0Open Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
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Implementation languagePythonCC
Server operating systemshostedLinux
Unix
AIX
HP Open VMS
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesdepending on used data modelyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoNumeric data onlyyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesnonoyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoyesyes infoSQL 2003 with some extensionsyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HappyBase (Python library)
HBase compatible API (Java)
HTTP API
Sockets
.NET Client API
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
JDBC
native C library infoMAPI library (MonetDB application programming interface)
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C#
C++
Java
C
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonoyesyes, in SQL, C, Ruser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersnonoyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnonenoneSharding via remote tablespartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesInternal replication in Colossus, and regional replication between two clusters in different zonesnoneSource-replica replicationnone infoSource-replica replication available in experimental statusSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate consistency (for a single cluster), Eventual consistency (for two or more replicated clusters)noneImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyesyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataAtomic single-row operationsnoACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infolockingyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)noAccess rights for users, groups and rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Google Cloud BigtableGraphiteInterSystems CachéMonetDBPostgreSQL
Specific characteristicsColumn-store In-memory optimized GeoSpatial support JSON document support
» more
Competitive advantagesScalable architecture - vertical data organization and in-memory optimization guarantee...
» more
Typical application scenariosAnalytical database, Data warehouse, OLAP Data mining Scientific database
» more
Key customersNumascale , Spinque , SecurActive , CHS , NOZHUP
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsFree and open-source software, Mozilla Public License 2.0 Commercial support available
» more

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More resources
Google Cloud BigtableGraphiteInterSystems CachéMonetDBPostgreSQL
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