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DBMS > Google Cloud Bigtable vs. Graphite vs. HBase vs. TiDB

System Properties Comparison Google Cloud Bigtable vs. Graphite vs. HBase vs. TiDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle Cloud Bigtable  Xexclude from comparisonGraphite  Xexclude from comparisonHBase  Xexclude from comparisonTiDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionGoogle's NoSQL Big Data database service. It's the same database that powers many core Google services, including Search, Analytics, Maps, and Gmail.Data logging and graphing tool for time series data infoThe storage layer (fixed size database) is called WhisperWide-column store based on Apache Hadoop and on concepts of BigTableTiDB is an open source distributed Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) database that supports MySQL and Spark SQL syntaxes.
Primary database modelWide column storeTime Series DBMSWide column storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.98
Rank#85  Overall
#6  Wide column stores
Score5.09
Rank#71  Overall
#4  Time Series DBMS
Score45.05
Rank#24  Overall
#2  Wide column stores
Score2.66
Rank#106  Overall
#53  Relational DBMS
Websitecloud.google.com/­bigtablegithub.com/­graphite-project/­graphite-webhbase.apache.orgpingcap.com
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­bigtable/­docsgraphite.readthedocs.iohbase.apache.orgdocs.pingcap.com/­tidb/­stable
DeveloperGoogleChris DavisApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by PowersetPingCAP, Inc.
Initial release2015200620082016
Current release2.3.4, January 20215.0.1, April 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Cloudera Operational Database: Cloud-native autonomous Apache HBase for unparalleled scale, performance and reliability. Automate and simplify database management with capabilities like auto-scale, auto-heal, and auto-tune.TiDB Cloud: Fully-managed TiDB Service. Bring everything great about TiDB to the cloud.
Implementation languagePythonJavaGo, Rust
Server operating systemshostedLinux
Unix
Linux
Unix
Windows infousing Cygwin
Linux
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-free, schema definition possibleyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoNumeric data onlyoptions to bring your own types, AVROyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono
Secondary indexesnononoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnononoyes
APIs and other access methodsgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HappyBase (Python library)
HBase compatible API (Java)
HTTP API
Sockets
Java API
RESTful HTTP API
Thrift
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C
C#
C++
Groovy
Java
PHP
Python
Scala
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonoyes infoCoprocessors in Javano
Triggersnonoyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnoneShardinghorizontal partitioning (by key range)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesInternal replication in Colossus, and regional replication between two clusters in different zonesnoneMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Using Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnoyesyes infowith TiSpark Connector
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate consistency (for a single cluster), Eventual consistency (for two or more replicated clusters)noneImmediate Consistency or Eventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononono infocurrently only supported in syntax
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataAtomic single-row operationsnoSingle row ACID (across millions of columns)ACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infolockingyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)noAccess Control Lists (ACL) for RBAC, integration with Apache Ranger for RBAC & ABACUsers with fine-grained authorization concept. No user groups or roles.
More information provided by the system vendor
Google Cloud BigtableGraphiteHBaseTiDB
Specific characteristicsApache HBase is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well suited...
» more
TiDB is an open-source NewSQL database built by PingCAP. TiDB supports Hybrid Transactional...
» more
Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures very high availability with multiple customers...
» more
In the current database landscape, infrastructure engineers often have to use one...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
» more
TiDB is designed to support both OLTP and OLAP scenarios. You can use TiDB , the...
» more
Key customersApple, Salesforce, Cerner, Allegis Group, Bloomberg, Airtel, Thomson Reuters, Dish,...
» more
Shopee (E-commerce) BookMyShow.com (E-commerce) Yiguo.com (E-commerce) JD Cloud &...
» more
Market metrics#1 largest NoSQL database by revenue
» more
25K+ GitHub Stars for TiDB, and 8K+ GitHub Stars for TiKV 1.6K+ members in TiDB Community...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license P ricing for commercial distribution provided by Cloudera and available...
» more
Open Source Apache 2.0 with either commercial licensing or fully-hosted DB-as-a-service...
» more
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