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DBMS > Google Cloud Bigtable vs. Google Cloud Spanner vs. MongoDB

System Properties Comparison Google Cloud Bigtable vs. Google Cloud Spanner vs. MongoDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle Cloud Bigtable  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparisonMongoDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionGoogle's NoSQL Big Data database service. It's the same database that powers many core Google services, including Search, Analytics, Maps, and Gmail.A horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.One of the most popular document stores available both as a fully managed cloud service and for deployment on self-managed infrastructure
Primary database modelKey-value store
Wide column store
Relational DBMSDocument store
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
Search engine infointegrated Lucene index, currently in MongoDB Atlas only.
Time Series DBMS infoTime Series Collections introduced in Release 5.0
Vector DBMS infocurrently available in the MongoDB Atlas cloud service only
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.58
Rank#92  Overall
#14  Key-value stores
#8  Wide column stores
Score2.89
Rank#105  Overall
#53  Relational DBMS
Score423.96
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Websitecloud.google.com/­bigtablecloud.google.com/­spannerwww.mongodb.com
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­bigtable/­docscloud.google.com/­spanner/­docswww.mongodb.com/­docs/­manual
DeveloperGoogleGoogleMongoDB, Inc
Initial release201520172009
Current release6.0.7, June 2023
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesno infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
MongoDB Atlas: Global multi-cloud database with unmatched data distribution and mobility across AWS, Azure, and Google Cloud, built-in automation for resource and workload optimization, and so much more.
Implementation languageC++
Server operating systemshostedhostedLinux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyes infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatial
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011Read-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Atlas SQL Interface
APIs and other access methodsgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HappyBase (Python library)
HBase compatible API (Java)
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
RESTful HTTP API
GraphQL
HTTP REST
Prisma
proprietary protocol using JSON
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Actionscript infounofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infounofficial driver
ColdFusion infounofficial driver
D infounofficial driver
Dart infounofficial driver
Delphi infounofficial driver
Erlang
Go
Groovy infounofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Kotlin
Lisp infounofficial driver
Lua infounofficial driver
MatLab infounofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infounofficial driver
Prolog infounofficial driver
Python
R infounofficial driver
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Smalltalk infounofficial driver
Swift
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonoJavaScript
Triggersnonoyes infoin MongoDB Atlas only
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingSharding infoPartitioned by hashed, ranged, or zoned sharding keys. Live resharding allows users to change their shard keys as an online operation with zero downtime.
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesInternal replication in Colossus, and regional replication between two clusters in different zonesMulti-source replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.Multi-Source deployments with MongoDB Atlas Global Clusters
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflowyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate consistency (for a single cluster), Eventual consistency (for two or more replicated clusters)Immediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency infocan be individually decided for each read operation
Immediate Consistency infodefault behaviour
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integrityno infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possible
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataAtomic single-row operationsACID infoStrict serializable isolationMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolation
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infooptional, enabled by default
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)Access rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)Access rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
Google Cloud BigtableGoogle Cloud SpannerMongoDB
Specific characteristicsMongoDB provides an integrated suite of cloud database and data services to accelerate...
» more
Competitive advantagesBuilt around the flexible document data model and unified API, MongoDB is a developer...
» more
Typical application scenariosAI-enriched intelligent apps (Continental, Telefonica, Iron Mountain) Internet of...
» more
Key customersADP, Adobe, Amadeus, AstraZeneca, Auto Trader, Barclays, BBVA, Bosch, Cisco, CERN,...
» more
Market metricsHundreds of millions downloads, over 150,000+ Atlas clusters provisioned every month...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsMongoDB database server: Server-Side Public License (SSPL) . Commercial licenses...
» more

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Google Cloud BigtableGoogle Cloud SpannerMongoDB
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