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DBMS > Google Cloud Bigtable vs. Google Cloud Spanner vs. Graphite vs. OpenTSDB

System Properties Comparison Google Cloud Bigtable vs. Google Cloud Spanner vs. Graphite vs. OpenTSDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle Cloud Bigtable  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparisonGraphite  Xexclude from comparisonOpenTSDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionGoogle's NoSQL Big Data database service. It's the same database that powers many core Google services, including Search, Analytics, Maps, and Gmail.A horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.Data logging and graphing tool for time series data infoThe storage layer (fixed size database) is called WhisperScalable Time Series DBMS based on HBase
Primary database modelWide column storeRelational DBMSTime Series DBMSTime Series DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.63
Rank#89  Overall
#8  Wide column stores
Score3.46
Rank#92  Overall
#48  Relational DBMS
Score5.58
Rank#70  Overall
#4  Time Series DBMS
Score1.86
Rank#126  Overall
#8  Time Series DBMS
Websitecloud.google.com/­bigtablecloud.google.com/­spannergithub.com/­graphite-project/­graphite-webopentsdb.net
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­bigtable/­docscloud.google.com/­spanner/­docsgraphite.readthedocs.ioopentsdb.net/­docs/­build/­html/­index.html
DeveloperGoogleGoogleChris Daviscurrently maintained by Yahoo and other contributors
Initial release2015201720062011
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoLGPL
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languagePythonJava
Server operating systemshostedhostedLinux
Unix
Linux
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesNumeric data onlynumeric data for metrics, strings for tags
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono
Secondary indexesnoyesnono
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011nono
APIs and other access methodsgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HappyBase (Python library)
HBase compatible API (Java)
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
RESTful HTTP API
HTTP API
Sockets
HTTP API
Telnet API
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Erlang
Go
Java
Python
R
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnononono
Triggersnononono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingnoneSharding infobased on HBase
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesInternal replication in Colossus, and regional replication between two clusters in different zonesMulti-source replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.noneselectable replication factor infobased on HBase
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflownono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate consistency (for a single cluster), Eventual consistency (for two or more replicated clusters)Immediate ConsistencynoneImmediate Consistency infobased on HBase
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integritynono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataAtomic single-row operationsACID infoStrict serializable isolationnono
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infolockingyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)Access rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)nono

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More resources
Google Cloud BigtableGoogle Cloud SpannerGraphiteOpenTSDB
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