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DBMS > Google BigQuery vs. PostgreSQL vs. RethinkDB vs. SAP SQL Anywhere

System Properties Comparison Google BigQuery vs. PostgreSQL vs. RethinkDB vs. SAP SQL Anywhere

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle BigQuery  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparisonRethinkDB  Xexclude from comparisonSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server Anywhere  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service with append-only tablesWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQLDBMS for the Web with a mechanism to push updated query results to applications in realtime.RDBMS database and synchronization technologies for server, desktop, remote office, and mobile environments
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.Document storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score35.58
Rank#24  Overall
#15  Relational DBMS
Score553.52
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Score3.15
Rank#90  Overall
#16  Document stores
Score5.52
Rank#63  Overall
#35  Relational DBMS
Websitecloud.google.com/­bigquerywww.postgresql.orgrethinkdb.comwww.sap.com/­products/­sql-anywhere.html
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­bigquery/­docswww.postgresql.org/­docsrethinkdb.com/­docshelp.sap.com/­sql-anywhere
DeveloperGooglePostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developerThe Linux Foundation infosince July 2017SAP infoformerly Sybase
Initial release20101989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL20091992
Current release13.2 , February 20212.4.1, August 202017, July 2015
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoBSDOpen Source infoApache Version 2commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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ScaleGrid for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageCC++
Server operating systemshostedFreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesyesschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infostring, binary, float, bool, date, geometryyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.noyes
Secondary indexesnoyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyes infostandard with numerous extensionsnoyes
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
ADO.NET
HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages.Net
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
C infocommunity-supported driver
C# infocommunity-supported driver
C++ infocommunity-supported driver
Clojure infocommunity-supported driver
Dart infocommunity-supported driver
Erlang infocommunity-supported driver
Go infocommunity-supported driver
Haskell infocommunity-supported driver
Java infoofficial driver
JavaScript (Node.js) infoofficial driver
Lisp infocommunity-supported driver
Lua infocommunity-supported driver
Objective-C infocommunity-supported driver
Perl infocommunity-supported driver
PHP infocommunity-supported driver
Python infoofficial driver
Ruby infoofficial driver
Scala infocommunity-supported driver
C
C#
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin JavaScriptuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.yes, in C/C++, Java, .Net or Perl
TriggersnoyesClient-side triggers through changefeedsyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonepartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hashSharding inforange basednone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsSource-replica replicationSource-replica replication infoDatabase mirroring
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoSince BigQuery is designed for querying dataACIDAtomic single-document operationsACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infoMVCC basedyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nononoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess privileges (owner, writer, reader) for whole datasets, not for individual tables infoGoogle Cloud Identity & Access Management (IAM)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyes infousers and table-level permissionsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
Google BigQueryPostgreSQLRethinkDBSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server Anywhere
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