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DBMS > Google BigQuery vs. Oracle NoSQL vs. Spark SQL

System Properties Comparison Google BigQuery vs. Oracle NoSQL vs. Spark SQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle BigQuery  Xexclude from comparisonOracle NoSQL  Xexclude from comparisonSpark SQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service with append-only tablesA multi-model, scalable, distributed NoSQL database, designed to provide highly reliable, flexible, and available data management across a configurable set of storage nodesSpark SQL is a component on top of 'Spark Core' for structured data processing
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument store
Key-value store
Relational DBMS
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score48.61
Rank#23  Overall
#15  Relational DBMS
Score4.74
Rank#82  Overall
#15  Document stores
#13  Key-value stores
#44  Relational DBMS
Score22.86
Rank#35  Overall
#21  Relational DBMS
Websitecloud.google.com/­bigquerywww.oracle.com/­database/­technologies/­related/­nosql.htmlspark.apache.org/­sql
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­bigquery/­docsdocs.oracle.com/­en/­database/­other-databases/­nosql-database/­index.htmlspark.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­sql-programming-guide.html
DeveloperGoogleOracleApache Software Foundation
Initial release201020112014
Current release22.1, May 20223.2.0, October 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoProprietary for Enterprise Edition (Oracle Database EE license has Oracle NoSQL database EE covered: details)Open Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaScala
Server operating systemshostedLinux
Solaris SPARC/x86
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyesSupport Fixed schema and Schema-less deployment with the ability to interoperate between them.yes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesoptionalyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesnoyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesSQL-like DML and DDL statementsSQL-like DML and DDL statements
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIRESTful HTTP APIJDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages.Net
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
PHP
Python
Ruby
C
C#
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Java
Python
R
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin JavaScriptnono
Triggersnonono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingyes, utilizing Spark Core
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesElectable source-replica replication per shard. Support distributed global deployment with Multi-region table featurenone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnowith Hadoop integration
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infodepending on configuration
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoSince BigQuery is designed for querying dataconfigurable infoACID within a storage node (=shard)no
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infooff heap cacheno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess privileges (owner, writer, reader) on dataset, table or view level infoGoogle Cloud Identity & Access Management (IAM)Access rights for users and rolesno

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3rd partiesSQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
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More resources
Google BigQueryOracle NoSQLSpark SQL
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