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DBMS > Google BigQuery vs. Oracle vs. SAP HANA vs. TempoIQ

System Properties Comparison Google BigQuery vs. Oracle vs. SAP HANA vs. TempoIQ

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle BigQuery  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparisonSAP HANA  Xexclude from comparisonTempoIQ infoformerly TempoDB  Xexclude from comparison
TempoIQ seems to be decommissioned. It will be removed from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service with append-only tablesWidely used RDBMSIn-memory, column based data store. Available as appliance or cloud serviceScalable analytics DBMS for sensor data, provided as a service (SaaS)
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSTime Series DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Spatial DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith SAP Hana, Enterprise Edition
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score43.79
Rank#25  Overall
#16  Relational DBMS
Score1270.35
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Score55.28
Rank#20  Overall
#13  Relational DBMS
Websitecloud.google.com/­bigquerywww.oracle.com/­databasewww.sap.com/­products/­hana.htmltempoiq.com (offline)
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­bigquery/­docsdocs.oracle.com/­en/­databasehelp.sap.com/­hana
DeveloperGoogleOracleSAPTempoIQ
Initial release2010198020102012
Current release19c, February 20192.0 SPS05 (June 26, 2020), June 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono infoalso available as a cloud based serviceyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC and C++
Server operating systemshostedAIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Appliance or cloud-service
Data schemeyesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columnsyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesnono
Secondary indexesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyes infowith proprietary extensionsyesno
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIJDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
JDBC
ODBC
HTTP API
Supported programming languages.Net
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
PHP
Python
Ruby
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
C#
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin JavaScriptPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possibleSQLScript, Rno
Triggersnoyesyesyes infoRealtime Alerts
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding, horizontal partitioningyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono infocan be realized in PL/SQLnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoSince BigQuery is designed for querying dataACID infoisolation level can be parameterizedACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess privileges (owner, writer, reader) on dataset, table or view level infoGoogle Cloud Identity & Access Management (IAM)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyessimple authentication-based access control

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More resources
Google BigQueryOracleSAP HANATempoIQ infoformerly TempoDB
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