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DBMS > Google BigQuery vs. Oracle vs. Postgres-XL vs. SAP HANA

System Properties Comparison Google BigQuery vs. Oracle vs. Postgres-XL vs. SAP HANA

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle BigQuery  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparisonPostgres-XL  Xexclude from comparisonSAP HANA  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service with append-only tablesWidely used RDBMSBased on PostgreSQL enhanced with MPP and write-scale-out cluster featuresIn-memory, column based data store. Available as appliance or cloud service
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Spatial DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Document store
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith SAP Hana, Enterprise Edition
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score43.79
Rank#25  Overall
#16  Relational DBMS
Score1270.35
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Score0.69
Rank#209  Overall
#103  Relational DBMS
Score55.28
Rank#20  Overall
#13  Relational DBMS
Websitecloud.google.com/­bigquerywww.oracle.com/­databasewww.postgres-xl.orgwww.sap.com/­products/­hana.html
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­bigquery/­docsdocs.oracle.com/­en/­databasewww.postgres-xl.org/­documentationhelp.sap.com/­hana
DeveloperGoogleOracleSAP
Initial release201019802014 infosince 2012, originally named StormDB2010
Current release19c, February 201910 R1, October 20182.0 SPS05 (June 26, 2020), June 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoMozilla public licensecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonono infoalso available as a cloud based service
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC and C++C
Server operating systemshostedAIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Linux
macOS
Appliance or cloud-service
Data schemeyesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columnsyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesyes infoXML type, but no XML query functionalityno
Secondary indexesnoyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes infodistributed, parallel query executionyes
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIJDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages.Net
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
PHP
Python
Ruby
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Erlang
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin JavaScriptPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possibleuser defined functionsSQLScript, R
Triggersnoyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding, horizontal partitioninghorizontal partitioningyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono infocan be realized in PL/SQLnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoSince BigQuery is designed for querying dataACID infoisolation level can be parameterizedACID infoMVCCACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess privileges (owner, writer, reader) on dataset, table or view level infoGoogle Cloud Identity & Access Management (IAM)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyes

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More resources
Google BigQueryOraclePostgres-XLSAP HANA
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