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DBMS > Google BigQuery vs. MySQL vs. Oracle vs. Yandex Database

System Properties Comparison Google BigQuery vs. MySQL vs. Oracle vs. Yandex Database

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle BigQuery  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparisonYandex Database  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service with append-only tablesWidely used open source RDBMSWidely used RDBMSA distributed fault-tolerant database service, with high availability, scalability, immediate consistency and ACID transactions and providing an Amazon DynamoDB compatible API
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIRelational DBMSDocument store
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Spatial DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score45.62
Rank#24  Overall
#16  Relational DBMS
Score1206.05
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score1266.89
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Score0.59
Rank#225  Overall
#35  Document stores
#109  Relational DBMS
Websitecloud.google.com/­bigquerywww.mysql.comwww.oracle.com/­databasecloud.yandex.com/­en/­services/­ydb
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­bigquery/­docsdev.mysql.com/­docdocs.oracle.com/­en/­databasecloud.yandex.com/­en/­docs/­ydb
DeveloperGoogleOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunOracleYandex
Initial release2010199519802019
Current release8.0.27, October 202119c, February 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availablecommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC and C++C and C++
Server operating systemshostedFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
hosted
Data schemeyesyesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columnsFlexible Schema (defined schema, partial schema, schema free)
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesyesno
Secondary indexesnoyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes infowith proprietary extensionsSQL-like query language (YQL)
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
RESTful HTTP API (DynamoDB compatible)
Supported programming languages.Net
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
PHP
Python
Ruby
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin JavaScriptyes infoproprietary syntaxPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possibleno
Triggersnoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonehorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL FabricSharding, horizontal partitioningSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
Active-passive shard replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono infocan be realized in PL/SQLno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoSince BigQuery is designed for querying dataACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID infoisolation level can be parameterizedACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'no
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess privileges (owner, writer, reader) on dataset, table or view level infoGoogle Cloud Identity & Access Management (IAM)Users with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights defined for Yandex Cloud users

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More resources
Google BigQueryMySQLOracleYandex Database
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