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DBMS > Google BigQuery vs. MongoDB vs. Snowflake

System Properties Comparison Google BigQuery vs. MongoDB vs. Snowflake

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle BigQuery  Xexclude from comparisonMongoDB  Xexclude from comparisonSnowflake  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service with append-only tablesOne of the most popular document stores available both as a fully managed cloud service and for deployment on self-managed infrastructureCloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured data
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
Search engine infointegrated Lucene index, currently in MongoDB Atlas only.
Time Series DBMS infoTime Series Collections introduced in Release 5.0
Vector DBMS infocurrently available in the MongoDB Atlas cloud service only
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score61.90
Rank#19  Overall
#13  Relational DBMS
Score423.96
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Score123.20
Rank#9  Overall
#6  Relational DBMS
Websitecloud.google.com/­bigquerywww.mongodb.comwww.snowflake.com
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­bigquery/­docswww.mongodb.com/­docs/­manualdocs.snowflake.net/­manuals/­index.html
DeveloperGoogleMongoDB, IncSnowflake Computing Inc.
Initial release201020092014
Current release6.0.7, June 2023
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesno infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)yes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
MongoDB Atlas: Global multi-cloud database with unmatched data distribution and mobility across AWS, Azure, and Google Cloud, built-in automation for resource and workload optimization, and so much more.
Implementation languageC++
Server operating systemshostedLinux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
hosted
Data schemeyesschema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.yes infosupport of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatialyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes
Secondary indexesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesRead-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Atlas SQL Interfaceyes
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIGraphQL
HTTP REST
Prisma
proprietary protocol using JSON
CLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages.Net
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
PHP
Python
Ruby
Actionscript infounofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infounofficial driver
ColdFusion infounofficial driver
D infounofficial driver
Dart infounofficial driver
Delphi infounofficial driver
Erlang
Go
Groovy infounofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Kotlin
Lisp infounofficial driver
Lua infounofficial driver
MatLab infounofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infounofficial driver
Prolog infounofficial driver
Python
R infounofficial driver
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Smalltalk infounofficial driver
Swift
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin JavaScriptJavaScriptuser defined functions
Triggersnoyes infoin MongoDB Atlas onlyno infosimilar concept for controling cloud resources
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding infoPartitioned by hashed, ranged, or zoned sharding keys. Live resharding allows users to change their shard keys as an online operation with zero downtime.yes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-Source deployments with MongoDB Atlas Global Clusters
Source-replica replication
yes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency infocan be individually decided for each read operation
Immediate Consistency infodefault behaviour
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynono infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possibleyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoSince BigQuery is designed for querying dataMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolationACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infooptional, enabled by defaultyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2no
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess privileges (owner, writer, reader) on dataset, table or view level infoGoogle Cloud Identity & Access Management (IAM)Access rights for users and rolesUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authentication
More information provided by the system vendor
Google BigQueryMongoDBSnowflake
Specific characteristicsMongoDB provides an integrated suite of cloud database and data services to accelerate...
» more
Competitive advantagesBuilt around the flexible document data model and unified API, MongoDB is a developer...
» more
Typical application scenariosAI-enriched intelligent apps (Continental, Telefonica, Iron Mountain) Internet of...
» more
Key customersADP, Adobe, Amadeus, AstraZeneca, Auto Trader, Barclays, BBVA, Bosch, Cisco, CERN,...
» more
Market metricsHundreds of millions downloads, over 150,000+ Atlas clusters provisioned every month...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsMongoDB database server: Server-Side Public License (SSPL) . Commercial licenses...
» more

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More resources
Google BigQueryMongoDBSnowflake
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