DB-EnginesInfluxDB: Focus on building software with an easy-to-use serverless, scalable time series platformEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Google BigQuery vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Oracle vs. Postgres-XL vs. SAP HANA

System Properties Comparison Google BigQuery vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Oracle vs. Postgres-XL vs. SAP HANA

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle BigQuery  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparisonPostgres-XL  Xexclude from comparisonSAP HANA  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service with append-only tablesMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSWidely used RDBMSBased on PostgreSQL enhanced with MPP and write-scale-out cluster featuresIn-memory, column based data store. Available as appliance or cloud service
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Spatial DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Document store
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith SAP Hana, Enterprise Edition
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score43.92
Rank#25  Overall
#16  Relational DBMS
Score970.85
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score1271.55
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Score0.68
Rank#213  Overall
#106  Relational DBMS
Score56.24
Rank#19  Overall
#12  Relational DBMS
Websitecloud.google.com/­bigquerywww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.oracle.com/­databasewww.postgres-xl.orgwww.sap.com/­products/­hana.html
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­bigquery/­docsdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverdocs.oracle.com/­en/­databasewww.postgres-xl.org/­documentationhelp.sap.com/­hana
DeveloperGoogleMicrosoftOracleSAP
Initial release2010198919802014 infosince 2012, originally named StormDB2010
Current releaseSQL Server 2019, November 201919c, February 201910 R1, October 20182.0 SPS05 (June 26, 2020), June 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoMozilla public licensecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnononono infoalso available as a cloud based service
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++C and C++C
Server operating systemshostedLinux
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Linux
macOS
Appliance or cloud-service
Data schemeyesyesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columnsyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesyesyes infoXML type, but no XML query functionalityno
Secondary indexesnoyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyesyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes infodistributed, parallel query executionyes
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages.Net
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Erlang
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin JavaScriptTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) JavaPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possibleuser defined functionsSQLScript, R
Triggersnoyesyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonetables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationSharding, horizontal partitioninghorizontal partitioningyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono infocan be realized in PL/SQLnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyesyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoSince BigQuery is designed for querying dataACIDACID infoisolation level can be parameterizedACID infoMVCCACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess privileges (owner, writer, reader) for whole datasets, not for individual tables infoGoogle Cloud Identity & Access Management (IAM)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyes

More information provided by the system vendor

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesSQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
» more

CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more
DBHawk: Secure access to SQL, NoSQL and Cloud databases with an all-in-one solution.
» more

SQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
» more

Fivetran: Quickly and easily centralize your on-premise and cloud databases.
» more

Navicat Monitor is a safe, simple and agentless remote server monitoring tool for SQL Server and many other database management systems.
» more

Navicat for SQL Server gives you a fully graphical approach to database management and development.
» more
Navicat for Oracle improves the efficiency and productivity of Oracle developers and administrators with a streamlined working environment.
» more

SQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
» more

Fivetran: Quickly and easily centralize your on-premise and cloud databases.
» more
CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Google BigQueryMicrosoft SQL ServerOraclePostgres-XLSAP HANA
DB-Engines blog posts

Cloud-based DBMS's popularity grows at high rates
12 December 2019, Paul Andlinger

The popularity of cloud-based DBMSs has increased tenfold in four years
7 February 2017, Matthias Gelbmann

Increased popularity for consuming DBMS services out of the cloud
2 October 2015, Paul Andlinger

show all

MySQL is the DBMS of the Year 2019
3 January 2020, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

Microsoft SQL Server is the DBMS of the Year
4 January 2017, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

show all

MySQL is the DBMS of the Year 2019
3 January 2020, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

Architecting eCommerce Platforms for Zero Downtime on Black Friday and Beyond
25 November 2016, Tony Branson (guest author)

show all

Recent citations in the news

Google’s Logica language addresses SQL’s flaws
15 April 2021, InfoWorld

Google's Logica language addresses SQL's flaws
18 April 2021, ARNnet

Winning the 2020 Google Cloud Technology Partner of the Year – Infrastructure Modernization Award
20 July 2021, CIO

Google Cloud Platform breaks through with big enterprises, signs up Disney and others
23 March 2016, ZDNet

Datazoom Launches First Collection Data Dictionary for CDN Log Streaming
28 October 2020, StreamingMedia.com

provided by Google News

Just Published: Successfully Virtualizing Microsoft SQL Server for High Availability on Azure VMware Solutions
27 September 2021, Marketscreener.com

Q&A with Karen Lopez: A Database Designer's Favorite New SQL Server Features
22 September 2021, Redmondmag.com

Microsoft Open Sources .NET 5 C# Language Extension for SQL Server
10 September 2021, Visual Studio Magazine

How do I Repair SQL Server Page Level Corruption Manually
25 September 2021, The African Exponent

Managing SQL Server Agent Jobs with Notebook Jobs in Azure Data Studio - Microsoft
31 August 2021, Channel 9

provided by Google News

Telefonica teams with Oracle to speed cloud transition
27 September 2021, FierceTelecom

How to install Oracle
27 September 2021, Techstory

Database Wars: Oracle Attacks Amazon with High-Speed Upgrade
16 September 2021, Cloud Wars

Adenza Chooses Oracle Autonomous Database to Expand its Multi-Cloud Risk Analytics Services
16 September 2021, Yahoo Finance

Adenza taps Oracle Autonomous Database for risk analytics
16 September 2021, Seeking Alpha

provided by Google News

Building a scalable PostgreSQL solution
14 April 2019, Packt Hub

When PostgreSQL Doesn't Scale Well Enough
18 April 2016, DZone News

Bitcoin, Ethereum, Crypto News and Price Data
1 March 2020, CoinDesk

provided by Google News

What's next for SAP HANA 1.0 users
21 September 2021, TechTarget

SAP HANA SECURITY Solution Acquired by XYPRO
1 September 2021, Infosecurity Magazine

ReleaseOwl announces native Infrastructure Monitor for SAP HANA hosted on AWS and Azure
9 September 2021, EIN News

XYPRO Acquires SAP HANA SECURITY Solution from Hewlett Packard Enterprise
31 August 2021, PR Web

SAP S/4HANA Adoption Rebounds After COVID-19 Slump, as Providers Strengthen Portfolios
30 August 2021, Business Wire

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

SQL Server Database Administrator
VV Tech Solutions, Austin, TX

SQL Server DBA
Viviente Software, Floresville, TX

MS SQL Database Developer
Deltek, Inc., Remote

Teradata/SQL Server
TCS, Seattle, WA

SQL Server Database Administrator - REMOTE
Data Dimensions, Janesville, WI

Oracle Database Administrator
Velocity Technology Solutions, Inc., United States

Oracle Database Administrator
Oracle, United States

Senior Database Administrator - Oracle
Sungard Availability Services, Remote

Oracle SQL Database Developer
Byrne Software Technologies, Remote

Database Administrator
Hy-Vee, Des Moines, IA

Senior SAP BW HANA Consultant
A1 Kaiser, Pennsylvania

Sr SAP BASIS/HANA Admin
UGI Utilities, Inc, Denver, PA

SAP HANA Architect
Delta, Atlanta, GA

BI PM/BA (Power BI, SAP/HANA)
NorthShore Resources, Inc., Austin, TX

Sr. SAP S4 HANA Basis Administrator
Rivian Automotive, Normal, IL

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Couchbase logo

The modern database for enterprise applications. Build fast. Scale Big. Save more.
Get started today.

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 5 GB free..

Neo4j logo

See for yourself how a graph database can make your life easier.
Use Neo4j online for free.

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

Present your product here