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DBMS > Google BigQuery vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. Snowflake

System Properties Comparison Google BigQuery vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. Snowflake

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle BigQuery  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparisonSnowflake  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service with append-only tablesElastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL ServerCloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured data
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score50.03
Rank#24  Overall
#16  Relational DBMS
Score22.46
Rank#36  Overall
#22  Relational DBMS
Score103.12
Rank#13  Overall
#9  Relational DBMS
Websitecloud.google.com/­bigqueryazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analyticswww.snowflake.com
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­bigquery/­docsdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analyticsdocs.snowflake.net/­manuals/­index.html
DeveloperGoogleMicrosoftSnowflake Computing Inc.
Initial release201020162014
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++
Server operating systemshostedhostedhosted
Data schemeyesyesyes infosupport of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes
Secondary indexesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyesyes
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
CLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages.Net
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
Java
PHP
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin JavaScriptTransact SQLuser defined functions
Triggersnonono infosimilar concept for controling cloud resources
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding, horizontal partitioningyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynono infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraintsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoSince BigQuery is designed for querying dataACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess privileges (owner, writer, reader) on dataset, table or view level infoGoogle Cloud Identity & Access Management (IAM)yesUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authentication

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More resources
Google BigQueryMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data WarehouseSnowflake
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