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DBMS > Google BigQuery vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. RisingWave

System Properties Comparison Google BigQuery vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. RisingWave

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle BigQuery  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparisonRisingWave  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service with append-only tablesElastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL ServerA distributed RDBMS for stream processing, wire-compatible with PostgreSQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score61.90
Rank#19  Overall
#13  Relational DBMS
Score22.71
Rank#30  Overall
#18  Relational DBMS
Score0.58
Rank#245  Overall
#112  Relational DBMS
Websitecloud.google.com/­bigqueryazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analyticswww.risingwave.com/­database
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­bigquery/­docsdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analyticsdocs.risingwave.com/­docs/­current/­intro
DeveloperGoogleMicrosoftRisingWave Labs
Initial release201020162022
Current release1.2, September 2023
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++Rust
Server operating systemshostedhostedDocker
Linux
macOS
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesStandard SQL-types and JSON
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyesyes
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
PostgreSQL wire protocol
Supported programming languages.Net
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
Java
PHP
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin JavaScriptTransact SQLUDFs in Python or Java
Triggersnonono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding, horizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynono infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraintsno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoSince BigQuery is designed for querying dataACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess privileges (owner, writer, reader) on dataset, table or view level infoGoogle Cloud Identity & Access Management (IAM)yesUsers and Roles

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More resources
Google BigQueryMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data WarehouseRisingWave
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