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DBMS > Google BigQuery vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. Microsoft Azure Table Storage

System Properties Comparison Google BigQuery vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. Microsoft Azure Table Storage

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle BigQuery  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Table Storage  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service with append-only tablesElastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL ServerA Wide Column Store for rapid development using massive semi-structured datasets
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSWide column store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score45.01
Rank#24  Overall
#16  Relational DBMS
Score17.90
Rank#39  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Score5.69
Rank#69  Overall
#5  Wide column stores
Websitecloud.google.com/­bigqueryazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analyticsazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­storage/­tables
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­bigquery/­docsdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analytics
DeveloperGoogleMicrosoftMicrosoft
Initial release201020162012
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++
Server operating systemshostedhostedhosted
Data schemeyesyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesnoyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyesno
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languages.Net
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
Java
PHP
.Net
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin JavaScriptTransact SQLno
Triggersnonono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding, horizontal partitioningSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyes infoimplicit feature of the cloud service. Replication either local, cross-facility or geo-redundant.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynono infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraintsno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoSince BigQuery is designed for querying dataACIDoptimistic locking
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess privileges (owner, writer, reader) on dataset, table or view level infoGoogle Cloud Identity & Access Management (IAM)yesAccess rights based on private key authentication or shared access signatures

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More resources
Google BigQueryMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data WarehouseMicrosoft Azure Table Storage
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