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DBMS > Google BigQuery vs. LokiJS vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. SAP HANA

System Properties Comparison Google BigQuery vs. LokiJS vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. SAP HANA

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle BigQuery  Xexclude from comparisonLokiJS  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonSAP HANA  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service with append-only tablesIn-memory JavaScript DBMSMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSIn-memory, column based data store. Available as appliance or cloud service
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith SAP Hana, Enterprise Edition
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score48.61
Rank#23  Overall
#15  Relational DBMS
Score0.57
Rank#228  Overall
#34  Document stores
Score941.20
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score55.09
Rank#21  Overall
#13  Relational DBMS
Websitecloud.google.com/­bigquerygithub.com/­techfort/­LokiJSwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.sap.com/­products/­hana.html
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­bigquery/­docstechfort.github.io/­LokiJSdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverhelp.sap.com/­hana
DeveloperGoogleMicrosoftSAP
Initial release2010201419892010
Current releaseSQL Server 2019, November 20192.0 SPS05 (June 26, 2020), June 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Sourcecommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonono infoalso available as a cloud based service
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaScriptC++
Server operating systemshostedserver-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js)Linux
Windows
Appliance or cloud-service
Data schemeyesschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesno
Secondary indexesnoyes infovia viewsyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesnoyesyes
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIJavaScript APIADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages.Net
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
PHP
Python
Ruby
JavaScriptC#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin JavaScriptView functions in JavaScriptTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) JavaSQLScript, R
Triggersnoyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenonetables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnoneyes, but depending on the SQL-Server Editionyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencynoneImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoSince BigQuery is designed for querying datano infoatomic operations within a single collection possibleACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infoSerialization of a DB in a Node.JS/Cordova/PhoneGap environment. Usage of the IndexedDB-API in a browser.yesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess privileges (owner, writer, reader) on dataset, table or view level infoGoogle Cloud Identity & Access Management (IAM)nofine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyes

More information provided by the system vendor

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Related products and services
3rd partiesSQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
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SQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
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Navicat for SQL Server gives you a fully graphical approach to database management and development.
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More resources
Google BigQueryLokiJSMicrosoft SQL ServerSAP HANA
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