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DBMS > Google BigQuery vs. Kingbase vs. LMDB vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. SAP Advantage Database Server

System Properties Comparison Google BigQuery vs. Kingbase vs. LMDB vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. SAP Advantage Database Server

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle BigQuery  Xexclude from comparisonKingbase  Xexclude from comparisonLMDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparisonSAP Advantage Database Server infoformer name: Sybase ADS  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service with append-only tablesAn enterprise-class RDBMS compatible with PostgreSQL and Oracle and widely used in China.A high performant, light-weight, embedded key-value database libraryElastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL ServerLow-cost RDBMS with access to ISAM and FoxPro data structures
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSKey-value storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score48.61
Rank#23  Overall
#15  Relational DBMS
Score0.37
Rank#260  Overall
#121  Relational DBMS
Score2.44
Rank#117  Overall
#22  Key-value stores
Score20.66
Rank#36  Overall
#22  Relational DBMS
Score3.68
Rank#91  Overall
#47  Relational DBMS
Websitecloud.google.com/­bigquerywww.kingbase.com.cnwww.symas.com/­symas-embedded-database-lmdbazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analyticswww.sap.com/­products/­advantage-database-server.html
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­bigquery/­docsbbs.kingbase.com.cn/­chess_wenku-index.htmldocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analytics
DeveloperGoogleBeiJing KINGBASE Information technologies inc.SymasMicrosoftSybase, SAP
Initial release20101999201120161993
Current releaseV8.0, August 20210.9.29, March 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Sourcecommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC and JavaCC++
Server operating systemshostedLinux
Windows
hostedLinux
Windows
Data schemeyesyesschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesnonono
Secondary indexesnoyesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesStandard with numerous extensionsnoyesyes
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIADO.NET
gokb
JDBC
kdbndp
ODBC
PDI
PDO
Pro*C
psycopg2
QT
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
.NET Client API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Supported programming languages.Net
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
CC#
Java
PHP
Delphi
Perl
PHP
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin JavaScriptuser defined functionsnoTransact SQLyes
Triggersnoyesnonoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonehorizontal partitioning (by range, list and hash) and vertical partitioningnoneSharding, horizontal partitioningnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesnoneyesMulti-source replication infoCONFLICT Trigger to resolve replication conflicts
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesnono infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraintsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoSince BigQuery is designed for querying dataACIDACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesno infocaching of (temporary) tables can be configured
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess privileges (owner, writer, reader) on dataset, table or view level infoGoogle Cloud Identity & Access Management (IAM)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnoyesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Google BigQueryKingbaseLMDBMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data WarehouseSAP Advantage Database Server infoformer name: Sybase ADS
Specific characteristicsAn enterprise-class RDBMS compatible with PostgreSQL and Oracle. It has the following...
» more
Competitive advantagesComplete database management platform with Integrated Development Environment Tool,...
» more
Typical application scenariosNew applications for transactional and mixed workloads that need to integrate with...
» more
Key customersThe main customers are: China National Petroleum Corporation China Petrochemical...
» more
Market metricsAt present, the main market is in China, but expansion to the international market...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsBusiness license. Various sales modes: for example, sales by set, sales by CPU quantity,...
» more

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More resources
Google BigQueryKingbaseLMDBMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data WarehouseSAP Advantage Database Server infoformer name: Sybase ADS
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