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DBMS > Google BigQuery vs. InfinityDB vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. SAP HANA vs. Stardog

System Properties Comparison Google BigQuery vs. InfinityDB vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. SAP HANA vs. Stardog

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle BigQuery  Xexclude from comparisonInfinityDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonSAP HANA  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service with append-only tablesA Java embedded Key-Value Store which extends the Java Map interfaceMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSIn-memory, column based data store. Available as appliance or cloud serviceEnterprise Knowledge Graph platform and graph DBMS with high availability, high performance reasoning, and virtualization
Primary database modelRelational DBMSKey-value storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith SAP Hana, Enterprise Edition
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score45.62
Rank#24  Overall
#16  Relational DBMS
Score0.04
Rank#326  Overall
#51  Key-value stores
Score944.81
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score56.92
Rank#21  Overall
#13  Relational DBMS
Score1.89
Rank#124  Overall
#10  Graph DBMS
#6  RDF stores
Websitecloud.google.com/­bigqueryboilerbay.comwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.sap.com/­products/­hana.htmlwww.stardog.com
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­bigquery/­docsboilerbay.com/­infinitydb/­manualdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverhelp.sap.com/­hanadocs.stardog.com
DeveloperGoogleBoiler Bay Inc.MicrosoftSAPStardog-Union
Initial release20102002198920102010
Current release4.0SQL Server 2019, November 20192.0 SPS05 (June 26, 2020), June 20207.3.0, May 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercialcommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercialcommercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/students
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonono infoalso available as a cloud based serviceno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaC++Java
Server operating systemshostedAll OS with a Java VMLinux
Windows
Appliance or cloud-serviceLinux
macOS
Windows
Data schemeyesyes infonested virtual Java Maps, multi-value, logical ‘tuple space’ runtime Schema upgradeyesyesschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infoall Java primitives, Date, CLOB, BLOB, huge sparse arraysyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesnono infoImport/export of XML data possible
Secondary indexesnono infomanual creation possible, using inversions based on multi-value capabilityyesyesyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatial
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesnoyesyesYes, compatible with all major SQL variants through dedicated BI/SQL Server
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIAccess via java.util.concurrent.ConcurrentNavigableMap Interface
Proprietary API to InfinityDB ItemSpace (boilerbay.com/­docs/­ItemSpaceDataStructures.htm)
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
JDBC
ODBC
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languages.Net
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
PHP
Python
Ruby
JavaC#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin JavaScriptnoTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) JavaSQLScript, Ruser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Java
Triggersnonoyesyesyes infovia event handlers
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenonetables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationyesnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnoneyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionyesMulti-source replication in HA-Cluster
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency infoREAD-COMMITTED or SERIALIZEDImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency in HA-Cluster
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynono infomanual creation possible, using inversions based on multi-value capabilityyesyesyes inforelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoSince BigQuery is designed for querying dataACID infoOptimistic locking for transactions; no isolation for bulk loadsACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess privileges (owner, writer, reader) on dataset, table or view level infoGoogle Cloud Identity & Access Management (IAM)nofine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyesAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
Google BigQueryInfinityDBMicrosoft SQL ServerSAP HANAStardog
Specific characteristicsStardog is an Enterprise Knowledge Graph platform, uniquely combining graph storage...
» more
Competitive advantagesStardog provides a full featureset to aid in data integration for your complex data....
» more
Typical application scenariosStardog is frequently used for: Anti-money laundering & fraud monitoring Customer...
» more
Key customersBosch, Dow Jones, Elsevier, Ericsson, Morgan Stanley, NASA, NIH, Nokia, Salesforce,...
» more
Market metricsStardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsA fully-featured 60-day Trial license is available for those testing Stardog; contact...
» more

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
Google BigQueryInfinityDBMicrosoft SQL ServerSAP HANAStardog
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