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DBMS > Google BigQuery vs. InfinityDB vs. LokiJS vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. SAP HANA

System Properties Comparison Google BigQuery vs. InfinityDB vs. LokiJS vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. SAP HANA

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle BigQuery  Xexclude from comparisonInfinityDB  Xexclude from comparisonLokiJS  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonSAP HANA  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service with append-only tablesA Java embedded Key-Value Store which extends the Java Map interfaceIn-memory JavaScript DBMSMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSIn-memory, column based data store. Available as appliance or cloud service
Primary database modelRelational DBMSKey-value storeDocument storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith SAP Hana, Enterprise Edition
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score45.62
Rank#24  Overall
#16  Relational DBMS
Score0.04
Rank#326  Overall
#51  Key-value stores
Score0.60
Rank#222  Overall
#33  Document stores
Score944.81
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score56.92
Rank#21  Overall
#13  Relational DBMS
Websitecloud.google.com/­bigqueryboilerbay.comgithub.com/­techfort/­LokiJSwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.sap.com/­products/­hana.html
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­bigquery/­docsboilerbay.com/­infinitydb/­manualtechfort.github.io/­LokiJSdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverhelp.sap.com/­hana
DeveloperGoogleBoiler Bay Inc.MicrosoftSAP
Initial release20102002201419892010
Current release4.0SQL Server 2019, November 20192.0 SPS05 (June 26, 2020), June 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Sourcecommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnononono infoalso available as a cloud based service
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaJavaScriptC++
Server operating systemshostedAll OS with a Java VMserver-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js)Linux
Windows
Appliance or cloud-service
Data schemeyesyes infonested virtual Java Maps, multi-value, logical ‘tuple space’ runtime Schema upgradeschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infoall Java primitives, Date, CLOB, BLOB, huge sparse arraysnoyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononoyesno
Secondary indexesnono infomanual creation possible, using inversions based on multi-value capabilityyes infovia viewsyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesnonoyesyes
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIAccess via java.util.concurrent.ConcurrentNavigableMap Interface
Proprietary API to InfinityDB ItemSpace (boilerbay.com/­docs/­ItemSpaceDataStructures.htm)
JavaScript APIADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages.Net
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
PHP
Python
Ruby
JavaJavaScriptC#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin JavaScriptnoView functions in JavaScriptTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) JavaSQLScript, R
Triggersnonoyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenonenonetables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnonenoneyes, but depending on the SQL-Server Editionyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency infoREAD-COMMITTED or SERIALIZEDnoneImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynono infomanual creation possible, using inversions based on multi-value capabilitynoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoSince BigQuery is designed for querying dataACID infoOptimistic locking for transactions; no isolation for bulk loadsno infoatomic operations within a single collection possibleACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoSerialization of a DB in a Node.JS/Cordova/PhoneGap environment. Usage of the IndexedDB-API in a browser.yesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess privileges (owner, writer, reader) on dataset, table or view level infoGoogle Cloud Identity & Access Management (IAM)nonofine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyes

More information provided by the system vendor

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More resources
Google BigQueryInfinityDBLokiJSMicrosoft SQL ServerSAP HANA
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