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DBMS > Google BigQuery vs. Heroic vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. RDFox

System Properties Comparison Google BigQuery vs. Heroic vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. RDFox

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle BigQuery  Xexclude from comparisonHeroic  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonRDFox  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service with append-only tablesTime Series DBMS built at Spotify based on Cassandra or Google Cloud Bigtable, and ElasticSearchMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSHigh performance knowledge graph and semantic reasoning engine
Primary database modelRelational DBMSTime Series DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score48.61
Rank#23  Overall
#15  Relational DBMS
Score0.22
Rank#285  Overall
#25  Time Series DBMS
Score941.20
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score0.06
Rank#327  Overall
#33  Graph DBMS
#18  RDF stores
Websitecloud.google.com/­bigqueryspotify.github.io/­heroic/­#!/­indexwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.oxfordsemantic.tech
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­bigquery/­docsspotify.github.io/­heroic/­#!/­docs/­overviewdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverdocs.oxfordsemantic.tech
DeveloperGoogleSpotifyMicrosoft
Initial release2010201419892017
Current releaseSQL Server 2019, November 20195.2, June 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaC++
Server operating systemshostedLinux
Windows
Linux
macOS
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeyesyes infoRDF schemas
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes
Secondary indexesnoyes infovia Elasticsearchyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesnoyesno
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIHQL (Heroic Query Language, a JSON-based language)
HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
RESTful HTTP API
SPARQL 1.1
Supported programming languages.Net
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
C
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin JavaScriptnoTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Java
Triggersnonoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingtables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federation
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyes, but depending on the SQL-Server Edition
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoSince BigQuery is designed for querying datanoACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess privileges (owner, writer, reader) on dataset, table or view level infoGoogle Cloud Identity & Access Management (IAM)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

More information provided by the system vendor

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More resources
Google BigQueryHeroicMicrosoft SQL ServerRDFox
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