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DBMS > Google BigQuery vs. GraphDB vs. InfluxDB vs. RDF4J vs. Spark SQL

System Properties Comparison Google BigQuery vs. GraphDB vs. InfluxDB vs. RDF4J vs. Spark SQL

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle BigQuery  Xexclude from comparisonGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIM  Xexclude from comparisonInfluxDB  Xexclude from comparisonRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame  Xexclude from comparisonSpark SQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service with append-only tablesEnterprise RDF and graph database with efficient reasoning, cluster and external index synchronization supportDBMS for storing time series, events and metricsRDF4J is a Java framework for processing RDF data, supporting both memory-based and a disk-based storage.Spark SQL is a component on top of 'Spark Core' for structured data processing
Primary database modelRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
Time Series DBMSRDF storeRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score27.56
Rank#26  Overall
#15  Relational DBMS
Score1.14
Rank#143  Overall
#9  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Score21.57
Rank#31  Overall
#1  Time Series DBMS
Score0.39
Rank#223  Overall
#11  RDF stores
Score16.95
Rank#35  Overall
#21  Relational DBMS
Websitecloud.google.com/­bigquerygraphdb.ontotext.comwww.influxdata.com/­products/­influxdb-overviewrdf4j.orgspark.apache.org/­sql
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­bigquery/­docsgraphdb.ontotext.com/­documentationdocs.influxdata.com/­influxdbdocs.rdf4j.orgspark.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­sql-programming-guide.html
DeveloperGoogleOntotextSince 2016 officially forked into an Eclipse project, former developer was Aduna Software.Apache Software Foundation
Initial release20102000201320042014
Current release8.8, January 20191.7.9, October 20192.4.5, February 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial infolimited edition freeOpen Source infoMIT-License; commercial enterprise version availableOpen Source infoEclipse Distribution License (EDL), v1.0.Open Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesno infoNamed S4, Ontotext provides a semantic graph database based on GraphDB in the cloud.nonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaGoJavaScala
Server operating systemshostedAll OS with a Java VM
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X infothrough Homebrew
Linux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportschema-freeyes infoRDF Schemasyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesNumeric data and Stringsyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono
Secondary indexesnoyes, supports real-time synchronization and indexing in SOLR/Elastic search/Lucene and GeoSPARQL geometry data indexesnoyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesSPARQL is used as query languageSQL-like query languagenoSQL-like DML and DDL statements
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIGeoSPARQL
Java API
RDF4J API
RIO
Sail API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL 1.1
HTTP API
JSON over UDP
Java API
RIO infoRDF Input/Output
Sail API
SeRQL infoSesame RDF Query Language
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages.Net
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Java
PHP
Python
Java
Python
R
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin JavaScriptJava Server Pluginnoyesno
Triggersnononoyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenoneSharding infoin enterprise version onlynoneyes, utilizing Spark Core
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replicationselectable replication factor infoin enterprise version onlynonenone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency, Eventual consistency (configurable in cluster mode per master or individual client request)
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infoConstraint checkingnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoSince BigQuery is designed for querying dataACIDnoACID infoIsolation support depends on the API usedno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infoin-memory storage is supported as wellyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infoDepending on used storage engineno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess privileges (owner, writer, reader) for whole datasets, not for individual tables infoGoogle Cloud Identity & Access Management (IAM)yessimple rights management via user accountsnono
More information provided by the system vendor
Google BigQueryGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMInfluxDBRDF4J infoformerly known as SesameSpark SQL
Specific characteristicsGraphDB Enterprise is a high-performance semantic repository created by Ontotext....
» more
InfluxData is the creator of InfluxDB , the open source time series database. It...
» more
Competitive advantagesGraphDB allows you to link text and data in big knowledge graphs. It’s easy to experiment...
» more
Time to Value An end-to-end platform, InfluxData is ready to go on the cloud or via...
» more
Typical application scenariosMetadata enrichment and management, linked open data publishing, semantic inferencing...
» more
IoT & Sensor Monitoring Instrumentation of every available surface in the material...
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Key customersBBC, Press Association, Financial Times, DK, Euromoney, The British Museum, Getty...
» more
InfluxData has over 630 paying customers, including IBM, PayPal, Siemens Tesla and...
» more
Market metricsGraphDB is the most utilized semantic triplestore for mission-critical enterprise...
» more
Fastest growing database to garnish 17,000 github stars Over 260,000 daily active...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGraphDB-Free is free to use. SE and Enterprise are licensed per CPU-Core used. Perpetual...
» more
Open source core with closed source clustering available either on-premise or on...
» more
News

Crafting a Knowledge Graph: The Semantic Data Modeling Way
20 February 2020

How Computer Vision Technology Can Bring Smart Surveillance to Retail    
6 February 2020

Ontotext’s Graph Database Helps Create EU-Wide Company Business Graph
23 January 2020

A Graphful of Investment Opportunities
10 January 2020

Ontotext’s Most Popular Blog Posts for 2019
30 December 2019

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesCData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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More resources
Google BigQueryGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMInfluxDBRDF4J infoformerly known as SesameSpark SQL
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Conferences and events

Designing Semantic Technology Proof-of-Concept
Online Training, 13:00 – 18:00 UTC, 12 December 2019 (finished)

Ontotext Platform – the Fast Track from an RDF Model to a Knowledge Graph
Online Training, 4pm GMT, 17 December 2019 (finished)

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13 December 2018, Analytics India Magazine

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