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DBMS > Google BigQuery vs. Graph Engine vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. PostGIS

System Properties Comparison Google BigQuery vs. Graph Engine vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. PostGIS

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle BigQuery  Xexclude from comparisonGraph Engine infoformer name: Trinity  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparisonPostGIS  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service with append-only tablesA distributed in-memory data processing engine, underpinned by a strongly-typed RAM store and a general distributed computation engineElastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL ServerSpatial extension of PostgreSQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
Key-value store
Relational DBMSSpatial DBMS
Secondary database modelsRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score43.79
Rank#25  Overall
#16  Relational DBMS
Score0.85
Rank#190  Overall
#17  Graph DBMS
#31  Key-value stores
Score17.27
Rank#39  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Score31.64
Rank#27  Overall
#1  Spatial DBMS
Websitecloud.google.com/­bigquerywww.graphengine.ioazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analyticspostgis.net
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­bigquery/­docswww.graphengine.io/­docs/­manualdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analyticspostgis.net/­documentation
DeveloperGoogleMicrosoftMicrosoft
Initial release2010201020162005
Current release3.1.4, September 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoMIT LicensecommercialOpen Source infoGPL v2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation language.NET and CC++C
Server operating systemshosted.NEThosted
Data schemeyesyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononoyes
Secondary indexesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesnoyesyes
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIRESTful HTTP APIADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages.Net
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
C++
F#
Visual Basic
C#
Java
PHP
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin JavaScriptyesTransact SQLuser defined functions
Triggersnononoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonehorizontal partitioningSharding, horizontal partitioningyes infobased on PostgreSQL
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyes infobased on PostgreSQL
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraintsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoSince BigQuery is designed for querying datanoACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesoptional: either by committing a write-ahead log (WAL) to the local persistent storage or by dumping the memory to a persistent storageyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess privileges (owner, writer, reader) on dataset, table or view level infoGoogle Cloud Identity & Access Management (IAM)yesyes infobased on PostgreSQL

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More resources
Google BigQueryGraph Engine infoformer name: TrinityMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data WarehousePostGIS
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