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DBMS > Google BigQuery vs. Google Cloud Spanner vs. MySQL

System Properties Comparison Google BigQuery vs. Google Cloud Spanner vs. MySQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle BigQuery  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service with append-only tablesA horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.Widely used open source RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached API
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score45.81
Rank#24  Overall
#16  Relational DBMS
Score3.41
Rank#93  Overall
#49  Relational DBMS
Score1206.04
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Websitecloud.google.com/­bigquerycloud.google.com/­spannerwww.mysql.com
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­bigquery/­docscloud.google.com/­spanner/­docsdev.mysql.com/­doc
DeveloperGoogleGoogleOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then Sun
Initial release201020171995
Current release8.0.27, October 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC and C++
Server operating systemshostedhostedFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes
Secondary indexesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011yes infowith proprietary extensions
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
Supported programming languages.Net
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
PHP
Python
Ruby
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin JavaScriptnoyes infoproprietary syntax
Triggersnonoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardinghorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabric
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflowno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integrityyes infonot for MyISAM storage engine
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoSince BigQuery is designed for querying dataACID infoStrict serializable isolationACID infonot for MyISAM storage engine
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engine
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess privileges (owner, writer, reader) on dataset, table or view level infoGoogle Cloud Identity & Access Management (IAM)Access rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)Users with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or roles

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More resources
Google BigQueryGoogle Cloud SpannerMySQL
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