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DBMS > Google BigQuery vs. Google Cloud Datastore vs. Snowflake

System Properties Comparison Google BigQuery vs. Google Cloud Datastore vs. Snowflake

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle BigQuery  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Datastore  Xexclude from comparisonSnowflake  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionLarge scale data warehouse service with append-only tablesAutomatically scaling NoSQL Database as a Service (DBaaS) on the Google Cloud PlatformCloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured data
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument storeRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score37.63
Rank#24  Overall
#15  Relational DBMS
Score4.02
Rank#80  Overall
#12  Document stores
Score30.05
Rank#27  Overall
#16  Relational DBMS
Websitecloud.google.com/­bigquerycloud.google.com/­datastorewww.snowflake.com
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­bigquery/­docscloud.google.com/­datastore/­docsdocs.snowflake.net/­manuals/­index.html
DeveloperGoogleGoogleSnowflake Computing Inc.
Initial release201020082014
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Server operating systemshostedhostedhosted
Data schemeyesschema-freeyes infosupport of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes, details hereyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes
Secondary indexesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesSQL-like query language (GQL)yes
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP/JSON APIgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
CLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages.Net
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functions infoin JavaScriptusing Google App Engineuser defined functions
TriggersnoCallbacks using the Google Apps Engineno infosimilar concept for controling cloud resources
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication using Paxosyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflowno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on type of query and configuration infoStrong Consistency is default for entity lookups and queries within an Entity Group (but can instead be made eventually consistent). Other queries are always eventual consistent.Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infovia ReferenceProperties or Ancestor pathsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoSince BigQuery is designed for querying dataACID infoSerializable Isolation within Transactions, Read Committed outside of TransactionsACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess privileges (owner, writer, reader) for whole datasets, not for individual tables infoGoogle Cloud Identity & Access Management (IAM)Access rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)Users with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authentication

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More resources
Google BigQueryGoogle Cloud DatastoreSnowflake
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