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DBMS > GigaSpaces vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison GigaSpaces vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. PostgreSQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGigaSpaces  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionHigh performance in-memory data grid platform, powering three products: Smart Cache, Smart ODS (Operational Data Store), Smart Augmented TransactionsMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelDocument store
Object oriented DBMS infoValues are user defined objects
Relational DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsGraph DBMS
Search engine
Document store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith Apache Age
Spatial DBMS
Vector DBMS infowith pgvector extension
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.94
Rank#191  Overall
#32  Document stores
#6  Object oriented DBMS
Score807.65
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score638.91
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.gigaspaces.comwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationdocs.gigaspaces.com/­latest/­landing.htmllearn.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverwww.postgresql.org/­docs
DeveloperGigaspaces TechnologiesMicrosoftPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release200019891989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current release15.5, September 2020SQL Server 2022, November 202216.3, May 2024
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Commercial licenses availablecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJava, C++, .NetC++C
Server operating systemsLinux
macOS
Solaris
Windows
Linux
Windows
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no infoXML can be used for describing objects metadatayesyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-99 for query and DML statementsyesyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsGigaSpaces LRMI
Hibernate
JCache
JDBC
JPA
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languages.Net
C++
Java
Python
Scala
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javauser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersyes, event driven architectureyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingtables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication infosynchronous or asynchronous
Source-replica replication infosynchronous or asynchronous
yes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infoMap-Reduce pattern can be built with XAP task executorsnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable: ALL, QUORUM, ANYImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlRole-based access controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
GigaSpacesMicrosoft SQL ServerPostgreSQL
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