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DBMS > Geode vs. IBM Db2 vs. Microsoft Azure Data Explorer vs. Solr

System Properties Comparison Geode vs. IBM Db2 vs. Microsoft Azure Data Explorer vs. Solr

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGeode  Xexclude from comparisonIBM Db2 infoformerly named DB2 or IBM Database 2  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Data Explorer  Xexclude from comparisonSolr  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionGeode is a distributed data container, pooling memory, CPU, network resources, and optionally local disk across multiple processesCommon in IBM host environments, 2 different versions for host and Windows/LinuxFully managed big data interactive analytics platformA widely used distributed, scalable search engine based on Apache Lucene
Primary database modelKey-value storeRelational DBMS infoSince Version 10.5 support for JSON/BSON documents compatible with MongoDBRelational DBMS infocolumn orientedSearch engine
Secondary database modelsDocument store
RDF store infoin Db2 LUW (Linux, Unix, Windows)
Spatial DBMS infowith Db2 Spatial Extender
Document store infoIf a column is of type dynamic docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­scalar-data-types/­dynamic then it's possible to add arbitrary JSON documents in this cell
Event Store infothis is the general usage pattern at Microsoft. Billing, Logs, Telemetry events are stored in ADX and the state of an individual entity is defined by the arg_max(timestamps)
Search engine infosupport for complex search expressions docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­parseoperator FTS, Geospatial docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­geo-point-to-geohash-function distributed search -> ADX acts as a distributed search engine
Time Series DBMS infosee docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­data-explorer/­time-series-analysis
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.77
Rank#134  Overall
#26  Key-value stores
Score160.32
Rank#7  Overall
#5  Relational DBMS
Score7.54
Rank#58  Overall
#34  Relational DBMS
Score57.26
Rank#20  Overall
#3  Search engines
Websitegeode.apache.orgwww.ibm.com/­analytics/­db2azure.microsoft.com/­services/­data-explorerlucene.apache.org/­solr
Technical documentationgeode.apache.org/­docswww.ibm.com/­support/­knowledgecenter/­SSEPGGdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­data-explorerlucene.apache.org/­solr/­resources.html
DeveloperOriginally developed by Gemstone. They outsourced the project to Apache in 2015 but still deliver a commercial version as Gemfire.IBMMicrosoftApache Software Foundation
Initial release20021983 infohost version20192006
Current release1.1, February 201712.1, October 2016cloud service with continuous releases8.11.1, December 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2; commercial licenses available as Gemfirecommercial infofree version is availablecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaC and C++Java
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VM infothe JDK (8 or later) is also requiredAIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
hostedAll OS with a Java VM inforuns as a servlet in servlet container (e.g. Tomcat, Jetty is included)
Data schemeschema-freeyesFixed schema with schema-less datatypes (dynamic)yes infoDynamic Fields enables on-the-fly addition of new fields
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infobool, datetime, dynamic, guid, int, long, real, string, timespan, double: docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­scalar-data-typesyes infosupports customizable data types and automatic typing
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesyes
Secondary indexesnoyesall fields are automatically indexedyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexed
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query language (OQL)yesKusto Query Language (KQL), SQL subsetSolr Parallel SQL Interface
APIs and other access methodsJava Client API
Memcached protocol
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
JSON style queries infoMongoDB compatible
ODBC
XQuery
Microsoft SQL Server communication protocol (MS-TDS)
RESTful HTTP API
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languages.Net
All JVM based languages
C++
Groovy
Java
Scala
C
C#
C++
Cobol
Delphi
Fortran
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Visual Basic
.Net
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PowerShell
Python
R
.Net
Erlang
Java
JavaScript
any language that supports sockets and either XML or JSON
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functionsyesYes, possible languages: KQL, Python, RJava plugins
Triggersyes infoCache Event Listenersyesyes infosee docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­management/­updatepolicyyes infoUser configurable commands triggered on index changes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infoonly with Windows/Unix/Linux VersionSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationyes infowith separate tools (MQ, InfoSphere)yes infoImplicit feature of the cloud service. Replication either local, cross-facility or geo-redundant.yes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononospark-solr: github.com/­lucidworks/­spark-solr and streaming expressions to reduce
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Eventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datayes, on a single nodeACIDnooptimistic locking
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights per client and object definablefine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAzure Active Directory Authenticationyes
More information provided by the system vendor
GeodeIBM Db2 infoformerly named DB2 or IBM Database 2Microsoft Azure Data ExplorerSolr
Specific characteristicsAzure Data Explorer is a fast and highly scalable data exploration service for log...
» more
Competitive advantagesKusto Query Language (innovative query language, optimized for high performance data...
» more
Typical application scenariosIoT applications IoT devices generate billions of sensor readings. Normalizing and...
» more
Key customersMicrosoft, DocuSign, Taboola, Bosch, Siemens Healthineers, Bühler, Ecolab, Zoomd
» more
Market metricsAzure Data Explorer is the data service for Azure Monitor, Azure Time Series Insights,...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsAn Azure Data Explorer cluster is a pair of engine and data management clusters which...
» more

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More resources
GeodeIBM Db2 infoformerly named DB2 or IBM Database 2Microsoft Azure Data ExplorerSolr
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