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DBMS > Geode vs. Greenplum vs. Microsoft Azure Data Explorer vs. Postgres-XL

System Properties Comparison Geode vs. Greenplum vs. Microsoft Azure Data Explorer vs. Postgres-XL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGeode  Xexclude from comparisonGreenplum  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Data Explorer  Xexclude from comparisonPostgres-XL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionGeode is a distributed data container, pooling memory, CPU, network resources, and optionally local disk across multiple processesAnalytic Database platform built on PostgreSQL. Full name is Pivotal Greenplum Database infoA logical database in Greenplum is an array of individual PostgreSQL databases working together to present a single database image.Fully managed big data interactive analytics platformBased on PostgreSQL enhanced with MPP and write-scale-out cluster features
Primary database modelKey-value storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infocolumn orientedRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store infoIf a column is of type dynamic docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­scalar-data-types/­dynamic then it's possible to add arbitrary JSON documents in this cell
Event Store infothis is the general usage pattern at Microsoft. Billing, Logs, Telemetry events are stored in ADX and the state of an individual entity is defined by the arg_max(timestamps)
Search engine infosupport for complex search expressions docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­parseoperator FTS, Geospatial docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­geo-point-to-geohash-function distributed search -> ADX acts as a distributed search engine
Time Series DBMS infosee docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­data-explorer/­time-series-analysis
Document store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.36
Rank#130  Overall
#23  Key-value stores
Score11.69
Rank#39  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Score2.81
Rank#87  Overall
#44  Relational DBMS
Score0.46
Rank#214  Overall
#103  Relational DBMS
Websitegeode.apache.orgpivotal.io/­pivotal-greenplumazure.microsoft.com/­services/­data-explorerwww.postgres-xl.org
Technical documentationgeode.apache.org/­docsgpdb.docs.pivotal.iodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­data-explorerwww.postgres-xl.org/­documentation
DeveloperOriginally developed by Gemstone. They outsourced the project to Apache in 2015 but still deliver a commercial version as Gemfire.Pivotal Software Inc.Microsoft
Initial release2002200520192014 infosince 2012, originally named StormDB
Current release1.1, February 20176.7.1, April 2020cloud service with continuous releases10 R1, October 2018
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2; commercial licenses available as GemfireOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercialOpen Source infoMozilla public license
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaC
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VM infothe JDK (8 or later) is also requiredLinuxhostedLinux
macOS
Data schemeschema-freeyesFixed schema with schema-less datatypes (dynamic)yes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infobool, datetime, dynamic, guid, int, long, real, string, timespan, double: docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­scalar-data-typesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infosince Version 4.2yesyes infoXML type, but no XML query functionality
Secondary indexesnoyesall fields are automatically indexedyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query language (OQL)yesKusto Query Language (KQL), SQL subsetyes infodistributed, parallel query execution
APIs and other access methodsJava Client API
Memcached protocol
RESTful HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
Microsoft SQL Server communication protocol (MS-TDS)
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languages.Net
All JVM based languages
C++
Groovy
Java
Scala
C
Java
Perl
Python
R
.Net
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PowerShell
Python
R
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Erlang
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functionsyesYes, possible languages: KQL, Python, Ruser defined functions
Triggersyes infoCache Event Listenersyesyes infosee docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­management/­updatepolicyyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicehorizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replicationMaster-slave replicationyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud service. Replication either local, cross-facility or geo-redundant.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datayes, on a single nodeACIDnoACID infoMVCC
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnonono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights per client and object definablefine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAzure Active Directory Authenticationfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
GeodeGreenplumMicrosoft Azure Data ExplorerPostgres-XL
Specific characteristicsAzure Data Explorer is a fast and highly scalable data exploration service for log...
» more
Competitive advantagesKusto Query Language (innovative query language, optimized for high performance data...
» more
Typical application scenariosIoT applications IoT devices generate billions of sensor readings. Normalizing and...
» more
Key customersMicrosoft, DocuSign, Taboola, Bosch, Siemens Healthineers, Bühler, Ecolab, Zoomd
» more
Market metricsAzure Data Explorer is the data service for Azure Monitor, Azure Time Series Insights,...
» more

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GeodeGreenplumMicrosoft Azure Data ExplorerPostgres-XL
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