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DBMS > Geode vs. Greenplum vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Postgres-XL vs. TimesTen

System Properties Comparison Geode vs. Greenplum vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Postgres-XL vs. TimesTen

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGeode  Xexclude from comparisonGreenplum  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonPostgres-XL  Xexclude from comparisonTimesTen  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionGeode is a distributed data container, pooling memory, CPU, network resources, and optionally local disk across multiple processesAnalytic Database platform built on PostgreSQL. Full name is Pivotal Greenplum Database infoA logical database in Greenplum is an array of individual PostgreSQL databases working together to present a single database image.Globally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceBased on PostgreSQL enhanced with MPP and write-scale-out cluster featuresIn-Memory RDBMS compatible to Oracle
Primary database modelKey-value storeRelational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Relational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.56
Rank#128  Overall
#22  Key-value stores
Score12.00
Rank#39  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Score31.63
Rank#25  Overall
#4  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score0.47
Rank#212  Overall
#102  Relational DBMS
Score2.16
Rank#109  Overall
#52  Relational DBMS
Websitegeode.apache.orgpivotal.io/­pivotal-greenplumazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbwww.postgres-xl.orgwww.oracle.com/­database/­technologies/­related/­timesten.html
Technical documentationgeode.apache.org/­docsgpdb.docs.pivotal.iodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­cosmos-dbwww.postgres-xl.org/­documentationdocs.oracle.com/­database/­timesten-18.1
DeveloperOriginally developed by Gemstone. They outsourced the project to Apache in 2015 but still deliver a commercial version as Gemfire.Pivotal Software Inc.MicrosoftOracle, TimesTen Performance Software, HP infooriginally founded in HP Labs it was acquired by Oracle in 2005
Initial release2002200520142014 infosince 2012, originally named StormDB1998
Current release1.1, February 20175.10.0, July 201810 R1, October 201811 Release 2 (11.2.2.8.0)
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2; commercial licenses available as GemfireOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercialOpen Source infoMozilla public licensecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaC
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VM infothe JDK (8 or later) is also requiredLinuxhostedLinux
macOS
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris SPARC/x86
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infoJSON typesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infosince Version 4.2yes infoXML type, but no XML query functionalityno
Secondary indexesnoyesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query language (OQL)yesSQL-like query languageyes infodistributed, parallel query executionyes
APIs and other access methodsJava Client API
Memcached protocol
RESTful HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languages.Net
All JVM based languages
C++
Groovy
Java
Scala
C
Java
Perl
Python
R
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Erlang
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
C
C++
Java
PL/SQL
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functionsyesJavaScriptuser defined functionsPL/SQL
Triggersyes infoCache Event ListenersyesJavaScriptyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicehorizontal partitioningnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replicationMaster-slave replicationyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyeswith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*nono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configuration
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesnoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datayes, on a single nodeACIDMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionACID infoMVCCACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes infoby means of logfiles and checkpoints
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnonoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights per client and object definablefine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
GeodeGreenplumMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBPostgres-XLTimesTen
Specific characteristicsThe world's first commercial In-Memory Relational Database offering (launched in...
» more
Competitive advantagesTimesTen offers many advantages over competing products: Mature product with nearly...
» more
Typical application scenariosTimesTen can be used in a wide range of application areas. Some examples include:...
» more
Key customersSome of our key customers include Ericsson , Telcordia , China Mobile, China Telecom,...
» more
Market metricsTimesTen is used by thousands of customers in tens of thousands of deployments worldwide...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsStandard Oracle licence models ; end user and ISV/OEM licence terms available.
» more

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More resources
GeodeGreenplumMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBPostgres-XLTimesTen
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