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DBMS > Geode vs. GraphDB vs. Neo4j vs. Splice Machine vs. Stardog

System Properties Comparison Geode vs. GraphDB vs. Neo4j vs. Splice Machine vs. Stardog

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGeode  Xexclude from comparisonGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIM  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonSplice Machine  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionGeode is a distributed data container, pooling memory, CPU, network resources, and optionally local disk across multiple processesEnterprise RDF and graph database with efficient reasoning, cluster and external index synchronization supportOpen source graph databaseOpen-Source SQL RDBMS powered by Spark and HadoopEnterprise Knowledge Graph platform and graph DBMS with high availability, high performance reasoning, and virtualization
Primary database modelKey-value storeGraph DBMS
RDF store
Graph DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.82
Rank#125  Overall
#24  Key-value stores
Score1.32
Rank#144  Overall
#10  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Score48.92
Rank#22  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score0.70
Rank#191  Overall
#93  Relational DBMS
Score1.26
Rank#148  Overall
#11  Graph DBMS
#6  RDF stores
Websitegeode.apache.orggraphdb.ontotext.comneo4j.comsplicemachine.comwww.stardog.com
Technical documentationgeode.apache.org/­docsgraphdb.ontotext.com/­documentationneo4j.com/­docsdoc.splicemachine.comwww.stardog.com/­docs
DeveloperOriginally developed by Gemstone. They outsourced the project to Apache in 2015 but still deliver a commercial version as Gemfire.OntotextNeo4j, Inc.John LeachStardog-Union
Initial release20022000200720142010
Current release1.1, February 20178.8, January 20194.0.5, June 20202.07.3.0, May 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2; commercial licenses available as Gemfirecommercial infolimited edition freeOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoextended commercial Enterprise edition availablecommercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/students
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono infoNamed S4, Ontotext provides a semantic graph database based on GraphDB in the cloud.nonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaJavaJava, ScalaJavaJava
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VM infothe JDK (8 or later) is also requiredAll OS with a Java VM
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
macOS
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportschema-free and schema-optionalyesschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono infoImport/export of XML data possible
Secondary indexesnoyes, supports real-time synchronization and indexing in SOLR/Elastic search/Lucene and GeoSPARQL geometry data indexesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyesyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatial
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query language (OQL)SPARQL is used as query languagenoyesYes, compatible with all major SQL variants through dedicated BI/SQL Server
APIs and other access methodsJava Client API
Memcached protocol
RESTful HTTP API
GeoSPARQL
Java API
RDF4J API
RIO
Sail API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL 1.1
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
JDBC
ODBC
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languages.Net
All JVM based languages
C++
Groovy
Java
Scala
.Net
C#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Java
JRuby
Scala
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functionsJava Server Pluginyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functionsyes infoJavauser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Java
Triggersyes infoCache Event Listenersnoyes infovia event handleryesyes infovia event handlers
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnonenoneShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replicationMaster-master replicationCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
Master-master replication in HA-Cluster
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono infouses HBase insteadno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency, Eventual consistency (configurable in cluster mode per master or individual client request)Causal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency in HA-Cluster
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infoConstraint checkingyes infoRelationships in graphsyesyes inforelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datayes, on a single nodeACIDACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights per client and object definableyesUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)Access rights for users, groups and roles according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
GeodeGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMNeo4jSplice MachineStardog
Specific characteristicsGraphDB Enterprise is a high-performance semantic repository created by Ontotext....
» more
Neo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Splice Machine is the open-source dual-engine RDBMS, powered by Hadoop and Spark....
» more
Stardog is an Enterprise Knowledge Graph platform, uniquely combining graph storage...
» more
Competitive advantagesGraphDB allows you to link text and data in big knowledge graphs. It’s easy to experiment...
» more
Neo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more

» more
Stardog provides a full featureset to aid in data integration for your complex data....
» more
Typical application scenariosMetadata enrichment and management, linked open data publishing, semantic inferencing...
» more
Real-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Machine Learning, High Volume Financial Transaction processing, Internet of Things...
» more
Stardog is frequently used for: Anti-money laundering & fraud monitoring Customer...
» more
Key customersBBC, Press Association, Financial Times, DK, Euromoney, The British Museum, Getty...
» more
Over 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Bosch, Dow Jones, Elsevier, Ericsson, Morgan Stanley, NASA, NIH, Nokia, Salesforce,...
» more
Market metricsGraphDB is the most utilized semantic triplestore for mission-critical enterprise...
» more
Neo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Stardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGraphDB-Free is free to use. SE and Enterprise are licensed per CPU-Core used. Perpetual...
» more
GPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
Free Open Source as well as Enterprise model available. See http://www.splicemachine.com/product/pricing...
» more
A fully-featured 60-day Trial license is available for those testing Stardog; contact...
» more
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We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
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More resources
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Webinar, 4pm GMT, 8am PST, 5pm CET, 25 March 2020 (finished)

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