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DBMS > Geode vs. Grakn vs. Greenplum vs. Postgres-XL vs. TimesTen

System Properties Comparison Geode vs. Grakn vs. Greenplum vs. Postgres-XL vs. TimesTen

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGeode  Xexclude from comparisonGrakn  Xexclude from comparisonGreenplum  Xexclude from comparisonPostgres-XL  Xexclude from comparisonTimesTen  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionGeode is a distributed data container, pooling memory, CPU, network resources, and optionally local disk across multiple processesGrakn is a distributed, hyper-relational database for managing complex data that serves as a knowledge base for cognitive/AI systems.Analytic Database platform built on PostgreSQL. Full name is Pivotal Greenplum Database infoA logical database in Greenplum is an array of individual PostgreSQL databases working together to present a single database image.Based on PostgreSQL enhanced with MPP and write-scale-out cluster featuresIn-Memory RDBMS compatible to Oracle
Primary database modelKey-value storeGraph DBMS
Relational DBMS infoOften described as a 'hyper-relational' database, since it implements the 'Entity-Relationship Paradigm' to manage complex data structures and ontologies.
Relational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.45
Rank#130  Overall
#22  Key-value stores
Score0.42
Rank#221  Overall
#17  Graph DBMS
#104  Relational DBMS
Score11.83
Rank#39  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Score0.47
Rank#212  Overall
#101  Relational DBMS
Score2.15
Rank#106  Overall
#51  Relational DBMS
Websitegeode.apache.orggrakn.aipivotal.io/­pivotal-greenplumwww.postgres-xl.orgwww.oracle.com/­database/­technologies/­related/­timesten.html
Technical documentationgeode.apache.org/­docsdev.grakn.ai/­docsgpdb.docs.pivotal.iowww.postgres-xl.org/­documentationdocs.oracle.com/­database/­timesten-18.1
DeveloperOriginally developed by Gemstone. They outsourced the project to Apache in 2015 but still deliver a commercial version as Gemfire.Grakn LabsPivotal Software Inc.Oracle, TimesTen Performance Software, HP infooriginally founded in HP Labs it was acquired by Oracle in 2005
Initial release2002201620052014 infosince 2012, originally named StormDB1998
Current release1.1, February 20171.6.2, January 20205.10.0, July 201810 R1, October 201811 Release 2 (11.2.2.8.0)
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2; commercial licenses available as GemfireOpen Source infoGPL Version 3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoMozilla public licensecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaJavaC
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VM infothe JDK (8 or later) is also requiredLinux
OS X
Windows
LinuxLinux
macOS
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris SPARC/x86
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes infosince Version 4.2yes infoXML type, but no XML query functionalityno
Secondary indexesnoyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query language (OQL)noyesyes infodistributed, parallel query executionyes
APIs and other access methodsJava Client API
Memcached protocol
RESTful HTTP API
console (shell)
gRPC protocol
Workbase (visualisation software)
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languages.Net
All JVM based languages
C++
Groovy
Java
Scala
All JVM based languages
Groovy
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
C
Java
Perl
Python
R
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Erlang
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
C
C++
Java
PL/SQL
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functionsnoyesuser defined functionsPL/SQL
Triggersyes infoCache Event Listenersnoyesyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infoby using CassandraShardinghorizontal partitioningnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replicationMaster-master replication infoby using CassandraMaster-slave replicationMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infoby using Apache Kafka and Apache Zookeeperyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configuration
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynono infosubstituted by the relationship featureyesyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datayes, on a single nodeACIDACIDACID infoMVCCACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes infoby means of logfiles and checkpoints
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnononoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights per client and object definableyes infoat REST API level; other APIs in progressfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
GeodeGraknGreenplumPostgres-XLTimesTen
Specific characteristicsGrakn is the knowledge graph to organise complex networks of data and making it queryable,...
» more
The world's first commercial In-Memory Relational Database offering (launched in...
» more
Competitive advantagesExpressive and flexible data model: The meta-schema of Grakn allows for modelling...
» more
TimesTen offers many advantages over competing products: Mature product with nearly...
» more
Typical application scenariosLife sciences : Grakn makes working with biological data much easier and accelerates...
» more
TimesTen can be used in a wide range of application areas. Some examples include:...
» more
Key customersSome of our key customers include Ericsson , Telcordia , China Mobile, China Telecom,...
» more
Market metricsTimesTen is used by thousands of customers in tens of thousands of deployments worldwide...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsAGPL and Commercial . The commercial license is priced based on cluster resources...
» more
Standard Oracle licence models ; end user and ISV/OEM licence terms available.
» more
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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
GeodeGraknGreenplumPostgres-XLTimesTen
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