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DBMS > Geode vs. Google Cloud Spanner vs. RRDtool

System Properties Comparison Geode vs. Google Cloud Spanner vs. RRDtool

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGeode  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparisonRRDtool  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionGeode is a distributed data container, pooling memory, CPU, network resources, and optionally local disk across multiple processesA horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.Industry standard data logging and graphing tool for time series data. RRD is an acronym for round-robin database. infoThe data is stored in a circular buffer, thus the system storage footprint remains constant over time.
Primary database modelKey-value storeRelational DBMSTime Series DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.86
Rank#134  Overall
#24  Key-value stores
Score2.84
Rank#100  Overall
#51  Relational DBMS
Score1.90
Rank#132  Overall
#11  Time Series DBMS
Websitegeode.apache.orgcloud.google.com/­spanneross.oetiker.ch/­rrdtool
Technical documentationgeode.apache.org/­docscloud.google.com/­spanner/­docsoss.oetiker.ch/­rrdtool/­doc
DeveloperOriginally developed by Gemstone. They outsourced the project to Apache in 2015 but still deliver a commercial version as Gemfire.GoogleTobias Oetiker
Initial release200220171999
Current release1.1, February 20171.8.0, 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2; commercial licenses available as GemfirecommercialOpen Source infoGPL V2 and FLOSS
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaC infoImplementations in Java (e.g. RRD4J) and C# available
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VM infothe JDK (8 or later) is also requiredhostedHP-UX
Linux
Data schemeschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesNumeric data only
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono infoExporting into and restoring from XML files possible
Secondary indexesnoyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query language (OQL)yes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011no
APIs and other access methodsJava Client API
Memcached protocol
RESTful HTTP API
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
RESTful HTTP API
in-process shared library
Pipes
Supported programming languages.Net
All JVM based languages
C++
Groovy
Java
Scala
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C infowith librrd library
C# infowith a different implementation of RRDTool
Java infowith a different implementation of RRDTool
JavaScript (Node.js) infowith a different implementation of RRDTool
Lua
Perl
PHP infowith a wrapper library
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functionsnono
Triggersyes infoCache Event Listenersnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationMulti-source replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.none
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflowno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistencynone
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integrityno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datayes, on a single nodeACID infoStrict serializable isolationno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infoby using the rrdcached daemon
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights per client and object definableAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)no

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More resources
GeodeGoogle Cloud SpannerRRDtool
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