DB-EnginesInfluxDB download bannerEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > GRAKN.AI vs. MySQL vs. NuoDB vs. Oracle vs. Oracle Berkeley DB

System Properties Comparison GRAKN.AI vs. MySQL vs. NuoDB vs. Oracle vs. Oracle Berkeley DB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGRAKN.AI  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonNuoDB  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparisonOracle Berkeley DB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionGrakn is a distributed, hyper-relational database for managing complex data that serves as a knowledge base for cognitive/AI systems.Widely used open source RDBMSNuoDB is a webscale distributed database that supports SQL and ACID transactionsWidely used RDBMSWidely used in-process key-value store
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
Relational DBMS infoOften described as a 'hyper-relational' database, since it implements the 'Entity-Relationship Paradigm' to manage complex data structures and ontologies.
Relational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIRelational DBMSRelational DBMSKey-value store infosupports sorted and unsorted key sets
Native XML DBMS infoin the Oracle Berkeley DB XML version
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.23
Rank#248  Overall
#19  Graph DBMS
#116  Relational DBMS
Score1275.67
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score0.93
Rank#157  Overall
#76  Relational DBMS
Score1346.39
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Score2.81
Rank#88  Overall
#15  Key-value stores
#2  Native XML DBMS
Websitegrakn.aiwww.mysql.comwww.nuodb.comwww.oracle.com/­databasewww.oracle.com/­technetwork/­database/­database-technologies/­berkeleydb/­overview/­index.html
Technical documentationdev.grakn.ai/­docsdev.mysql.com/­docdoc.nuodb.comdocs.oracle.com/­en/­databasedocs.oracle.com/­cd/­E17076_05/­html/­index.html
DeveloperGrakn Labs LtdOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunNuoDB, Inc.OracleOracle infooriginally developed by Sleepycat, which was acquired by Oracle
Initial release20161995201319801994
Current release1.6.1, December 20198.0.18, October 201919c, February 201918.1 (Core), June 2018
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL Version 3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availablecommercial infolimited edition freecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infocommercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Azure Database for MySQL: A fully managed, scalable MySQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
Implementation languageJavaC and C++C++C and C++C, Java, C++ (depending on the Berkeley DB edition)
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
hosted infoAmazon EC2, Windows Azure, SoftLayer
Linux
OS X
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
AIX
Android
FreeBSD
iOS
Linux
OS X
Solaris
VxWorks
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columnsschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesnoyesyes infoonly with the Berkeley DB XML edition
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infowith proprietary extensionsyesyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes infoSQL interfaced based on SQLite is available
APIs and other access methodsconsole (shell)
gRPC protocol
Workbase (visualisation software)
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languagesAll JVM based languages
Groovy
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
.Net infoFigaro is a .Net framework assembly that extends Berkeley DB XML into an embeddable database engine for .NET
others infoThird-party libraries to manipulate Berkeley DB files are available for many languages
C
C#
C++
Java
Perl
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infoproprietary syntaxJava, SQLPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possibleno
Triggersnoyesyesyesyes infoonly for the SQL API
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoby using Cassandrahorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabricdata is dynamically stored/cached on the nodes where it is read/writtenhorizontal partitioning infowith the optional Oracle Partitioningnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication infoby using CassandraMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
yes infoManaged transparently by NuoDBMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
Master-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infoby using Apache Kafka and Apache Zookeepernonono infocan be realized in PL/SQLno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityno infosubstituted by the relationship featureyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyesyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID infotunable commit protocolACID infoisolation level can be parameterizedACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyes infoMVCCyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes infoTemporary tableyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'yes
User concepts infoAccess controlyes infoat REST API level; other APIs in progressUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesStandard SQL roles/ privileges, Administrative Usersfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno
More information provided by the system vendor
GRAKN.AIMySQLNuoDBOracleOracle Berkeley DB
Specific characteristicsGrakn is the knowledge graph to organise complex networks of data and making it queryable,...
» more
Horizontal scale-out, continuous availability, multi-tenant support, ANSI SQL compatible,...
» more
Oracle Database (commonly referred to as Oracle RDBMS or simply as Oracle) is a multi-model...
» more
Competitive advantagesExpressive and flexible data model: The meta-schema of Grakn allows for modelling...
» more
NuoDB is a scale-out SQL RDBMS based on a Durable Distributed Caching (DDC) architecture....
» more
Typical application scenariosLife sciences : Grakn makes working with biological data much easier and accelerates...
» more
Operational / OLTP database workloads in data centers or public clouds
» more
Key customersDassault Systemes, Santander, Temenos
» more
Market metricsFast growing commercial and enterprise customer base IDC Innovators: Dynamically...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsAGPL and Commercial . The commercial license is priced based on cluster resources...
» more
Subscription-based pricing with free community edition and commercial enterprise...
» more
Oracle Database Cloud Services Customers can choose from a wide range of database...
» more
News

Answers to Your 5 Questions about Database Scalability (Tech Blog)
6 December 2019

Top 10 FAQs from KubeCon 2019 in San Diego (Tech Blog)
26 November 2019

How Can I Confirm That My NuoDB Upgrade Completed Successfully? (Tech Blog)
20 November 2019

NuoDB Golang Operator Now Available, Delivering On Automated Day 2 Operations (Tech Blog)
13 November 2019

3 Inflection Points Transforming the Banking Industry (Corporate Blog)
29 October 2019

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesDremio is like magic for MySQL accelerating your analytical queries up to 1,000x.
» more

SQLPro for MySQL: A simple but powerful MySQL database client available on iPhone and iPad as well as macOS.
» more

CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

ScaleGrid: Fully managed MySQL-as-a-Service.
» more

Navicat for MySQL is the ideal solution for MySQL/MariaDB administration and development.
» more

General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
» more

Azure Database for MySQL provides fully managed, enterprise-ready community MySQL database as a service
» more
DBHawk: a web-based Oracle database management and self-service BI software.
» more

General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
» more

Navicat for Oracle improves the efficiency and productivity of Oracle developers and administrators with a streamlined working environment.
» more

Dremio is like magic for Oracle accelerating your analytical queries up to 1,000x.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
GRAKN.AIMySQLNuoDBOracleOracle Berkeley DB
DB-Engines blog posts

MariaDB strengthens its position in the open source RDBMS market
5 April 2018, Matthias Gelbmann

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

Microsoft SQL Server is the DBMS of the Year
4 January 2017, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

show all

Meet some database management systems you are likely to hear more about in the future
4 August 2014, Paul Andlinger

show all

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

Architecting eCommerce Platforms for Zero Downtime on Black Friday and Beyond
25 November 2016, Tony Branson (guest author)

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

show all

Conferences and events

Grakn Cosmos, the universal conference of technologies built using Grakn
London, UK, 6-7 February 2020

Recent citations in the news

GRAKN.AI: How Haikal Pribadi went from being a refugee to building a database for AI systems
26 October 2017, YourStory.com

Get Started With GRAKN.AI
10 March 2017, DZone News

What Is an Ontology?
15 March 2017, DZone News

Kannur-based startup ArticBot bets big on machine learning
28 October 2017, YourStory.com

Oracle launches startup cloud accelerator in Bristol
20 September 2017, Cloud Pro

provided by Google News

IDERA Enhances SQL Diagnostic Manager for MySQL
11 December 2019, Database Trends and Applications

Laravel and MySQL 8: Fixing MySQL Server Has Gone Away Error
6 December 2019, Laravel News

IDERA SQL Diagnostic Manager for MySQL Improves Query Performance and Enterprise Security
10 December 2019, Yahoo Finance

Query Performance Optimization in MySQL
2 December 2019, Database Journal

Alliance Key Manager Now Supports Encryption Key Management for MySQL Enterprise Edition Database
19 November 2019, Benzinga

provided by Google News

NuoDB Partners with Rancher Labs to Deliver a Cloud-native SQL Database Across Multi-Cloud Environments for Hong Kong FinTech Leader WeLab
19 November 2019, Associated Press

NuoDB, Rancher Labs partner to help WeLab set up virtual bank
21 November 2019, IBS Intelligence

Temenos Benchmarks Its Cloud-native Digital Banking Software on AWS and Proves Its Ability to Handle Over Half the World’s Banking Transaction Volumes on a Single Instance of the Software
21 November 2019, Yahoo Finance

NuoDB to Join Intel, & Temenos at SIBOS 2019 to Demonstrate the Power of Distributed SQL Databases
23 September 2019, GlobeNewswire

Distributed SQL Database NuoDB 4.0 Supports Kubernetes Operator and Indexing Improvements
7 October 2019, InfoQ.com

provided by Google News

Oracle Ranks First in all Four Use Cases for Oracle Database in Gartner's Critical Capabilities for Operational Database Management Systems Report
5 December 2019, PRNewswire

Oracle's autonomous database sales more than doubled in Q2
12 December 2019, ZDNet

Vishal Sikka joins Oracle's board of directors
10 December 2019, Economic Times

Oracle looks to grow multi-model database features
26 November 2019, TechTarget

Oracle’s Need for ‘Steep’ Sales Climb Leaves Street Cautious
13 December 2019, Yahoo Finance

provided by Google News

Oracle switches Berkeley DB license
5 July 2013, InfoWorld

Getting Started with Oracle Berkeley DB
30 August 2009, DZone News

Top Local Databases for React Native App Development {A 2020 List}
15 October 2019, Appinventiv

Database Trends Report: SQL Beats NoSQL, MySQL Most Popular
5 March 2019, ADT Magazine

Under the Hood: Oracle Berkeley DB XML
7 May 2008, XML.com

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

MySQL DBA - remote
Percona, Remote

Database Engineer (MySQL)
Percona, Remote

Apps Developer
Central Intelligence Agency, Washington, DC

Data Scientist
Aborn & Co., Norwell, MA

PHP/LAMP Developer
CityCore, New York, NY

IT Manager
NuoDB, Cambridge, MA

Senior Product Manager
NuoDB, Cambridge, MA

Database Administrator- Oracle/Hyperion
CVS Health, Cumberland, RI

ORACLE DATABASE ADMINISTRATOR
New York City HRA/DEPT OF SOCIAL SERVICES, Brooklyn, NY

Database Administrator_Remote
Sawdey Solution Services, Inc., Remote

Database Administrators
Annuk, Washington, DC

Sr. Oracle Database Administrator
Superior Court of Orange County, Orange County, CA

Database Engineer, Senior
Independent Software, Annapolis Junction, MD

Senior Systems Engineer
DeNovo Solutions, Annapolis Junction, MD

Senior Developer
Spectrum Systems, Riverwoods, IL

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.


Datastax logo

Build data-driven applications that set the standard for performance, availability,
& scale with DataStax.
Learn more.

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

Redis logo

Hosted, serverless DBaaS
in 3 steps.

30MB Free!
Start now.

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

Present your product here