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DBMS > GRAKN.AI vs. IRONdb vs. MariaDB vs. Microsoft Azure Table Storage vs. RDF4J

System Properties Comparison GRAKN.AI vs. IRONdb vs. MariaDB vs. Microsoft Azure Table Storage vs. RDF4J

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGRAKN.AI  Xexclude from comparisonIRONdb  Xexclude from comparisonMariaDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Table Storage  Xexclude from comparisonRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionGrakn is a distributed, hyper-relational database for managing complex data that serves as a knowledge base for cognitive/AI systems.A distributed Time Series DBMS with a focus on scalability, fault tolerance and operational simplicityMySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. With MariaDB ColumnStore a column-oriented storage engine is available too.A Wide Column Store for rapid development using massive semi-structured datasetsRDF4J is a Java framework for processing RDF data, supporting both memory-based and a disk-based storage.
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
Relational DBMS infoOften described as a 'hyper-relational' database, since it implements the 'Entity-Relationship Paradigm' to manage complex data structures and ontologies.
Time Series DBMSRelational DBMSWide column storeRDF store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith OQGraph storage engine
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.28
Rank#243  Overall
#18  Graph DBMS
#115  Relational DBMS
Score0.06
Rank#305  Overall
#26  Time Series DBMS
Score87.45
Rank#13  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Score5.01
Rank#65  Overall
#5  Wide column stores
Score0.39
Rank#220  Overall
#10  RDF stores
Websitegrakn.aiwww.irondb.iomariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
azure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­storage/­tablesrdf4j.org
Technical documentationdev.grakn.ai/­docswww.irondb.io/­docsmariadb.com/­kb/­en/­librarydocs.rdf4j.org
DeveloperGrakn Labs LtdCirconus LLC.MariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
MicrosoftSince 2016 officially forked into an Eclipse project, former developer was Aduna Software.
Initial release20162017200920122004
Current release1.6.2, January 2020V0.10.20, January 201810.4.11, December 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL Version 3, commercial licenses availablecommercialOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription availablecommercialOpen Source infoEclipse Distribution License (EDL), v1.0.
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • MariaDB Managed Service: A customized MariaDB deployment fully managed by the experts at MariaDB in the cloud of your choice. Keeps you up to date with features, upgrades, hotfixes and security patches.
  • Azure Database for MariaDB: A fully managed, scalable MariaDB relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
Implementation languageJavaC and C++C and C++Java
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
LinuxFreeBSD
Linux
Solaris
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
hostedLinux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeyes infoDynamic columns are supportedschema-freeyes infoRDF Schemas
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infotext, numeric, histogramsyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesno
Secondary indexesyesnoyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like query language (Circonus Analytics Query Language: CAQL)yes infowith proprietary extensionsnono
APIs and other access methodsconsole (shell)
gRPC protocol
Workbase (visualisation software)
HTTP APIADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
RESTful HTTP APIJava API
RIO infoRDF Input/Output
Sail API
SeRQL infoSesame RDF Query Language
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL
Supported programming languagesAll JVM based languages
Groovy
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
.Net
C
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Lua
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Java
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes, in Luayes infoPL/SQL compatibility added with version 10.3noyes
Triggersnonoyesnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoby using CassandraAutomatic, metric affinity per nodeHorizontal partitioning, sharding with Spider storage engine or Galera cluster infoPartitioning by range, list, hash, keySharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication infoby using Cassandraconfigurable replication factor, datacenter awareMaster-master replication infousing MariaDB Galera Cluster
Master-slave replication
yes infoimplicit feature of the cloud service. Replication either local, cross-facility or geo-redundant.none
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infoby using Apache Kafka and Apache Zookeepernononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate consistency per node, eventual consistency across nodesImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityno infosubstituted by the relationship featurenoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineoptimistic lockingACID infoIsolation support depends on the API used
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infonot for in-memory storage engineyesyes infoin-memory storage is supported as well
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes infowith MEMORY storage engineno
User concepts infoAccess controlyes infoat REST API level; other APIs in progressnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights based on private key authentication or shared access signaturesno
More information provided by the system vendor
GRAKN.AIIRONdbMariaDBMicrosoft Azure Table StorageRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame
Specific characteristicsGrakn is the knowledge graph to organise complex networks of data and making it queryable,...
» more
IRONdb is a highly available, distributed Time Series Database. It can support dozens...
» more
Open source database from the creators of MySQL, enhanced with enterprise tools and...
» more
Competitive advantagesExpressive and flexible data model: The meta-schema of Grakn allows for modelling...
» more
Unmatched Scalability IRONdb is unique among TSDBs in that it does not use a consensus...
» more
High availability, scalability, performance beyond MySQL and other databases.
» more
Typical application scenariosLife sciences : Grakn makes working with biological data much easier and accelerates...
» more
Real Systems Monitoring Monitor your systems infrastructure in real time across thousands...
» more
Web, SaaS and Cloud operational/transactional applications that require high availability,...
» more
Key customersIRONdb serves the needs of the world's largest Time Series Database customers. One...
» more
Booking.com, Wikipedia, Google, Canal+, ClubMed, Deutsche Telekom, La Poste, Virgin...
» more
Market metricsOnly TSDB capable of scaling to billions of metrics. Only TSDB to scale to dozens...
» more
MariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsAGPL and Commercial . The commercial license is priced based on cluster resources...
» more
IRONdb is licensed under a subscription model based on the number of active metrics...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesAzure Database for MariaDB: Easily deploy applications to the cloud.
» more

Navicat for MariaDB provides a native environment for MariaDB database management and development.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
GRAKN.AIIRONdbMariaDBMicrosoft Azure Table StorageRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame
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Conferences and events

Grakn Cosmos, the universal conference of technologies built using Grakn
London, UK, 6-7 February 2020

MariaDB OpenWorks 2020
New York City, USA, 4-6 May 2020

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