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DBMS > GRAKN.AI vs. Hive vs. IRONdb vs. RDF4J

System Properties Comparison GRAKN.AI vs. Hive vs. IRONdb vs. RDF4J

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGRAKN.AI  Xexclude from comparisonHive  Xexclude from comparisonIRONdb  Xexclude from comparisonRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionGrakn is a distributed, hyper-relational database for managing complex data that serves as a knowledge base for cognitive/AI systems.data warehouse software for querying and managing large distributed datasets, built on HadoopA distributed Time Series DBMS with a focus on scalability, fault tolerance and operational simplicityRDF4J is a Java framework for processing RDF data, supporting both memory-based and a disk-based storage.
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
Relational DBMS infoOften described as a 'hyper-relational' database, since it implements the 'Entity-Relationship Paradigm' to manage complex data structures and ontologies.
Relational DBMSTime Series DBMSRDF store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.20
Rank#256  Overall
#21  Graph DBMS
#120  Relational DBMS
Score84.22
Rank#14  Overall
#9  Relational DBMS
Score0.05
Rank#328  Overall
#27  Time Series DBMS
Score0.38
Rank#223  Overall
#10  RDF stores
Websitegrakn.aihive.apache.orgwww.irondb.iordf4j.org
Technical documentationdev.grakn.ai/­docscwiki.apache.org/­confluence/­display/­Hive/­Homewww.irondb.io/­docsdocs.rdf4j.org
DeveloperGrakn Labs LtdApache Software Foundation infoinitially developed by FacebookCirconus LLC.Since 2016 officially forked into an Eclipse project, former developer was Aduna Software.
Initial release2016201220172004
Current release1.5.8, August 20193.1.2, August 2019V0.10.20, January 2018
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL Version 3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoApache Version 2commercialOpen Source infoEclipse Distribution License (EDL), v1.0.
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaJavaC and C++Java
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VMLinuxLinux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyesyesschema-freeyes infoRDF Schemas
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infotext, numeric, histogramsyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like DML and DDL statementsSQL-like query language (Circonus Analytics Query Language: CAQL)no
APIs and other access methodsconsole (shell)
gRPC protocol
Workbase (visualisation software)
JDBC
ODBC
Thrift
HTTP APIJava API
RIO infoRDF Input/Output
Sail API
SeRQL infoSesame RDF Query Language
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL
Supported programming languagesAll JVM based languages
Groovy
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
C++
Java
PHP
Python
.Net
C
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Lua
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Java
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceyes, in Luayes
Triggersnononoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoby using CassandraShardingAutomatic, metric affinity per nodenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication infoby using Cassandraselectable replication factorconfigurable replication factor, datacenter awarenone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infoby using Apache Kafka and Apache Zookeeperyes infoquery execution via MapReducenono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate consistency per node, eventual consistency across nodes
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityno infosubstituted by the relationship featurenono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnonoACID infoIsolation support depends on the API used
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infoin-memory storage is supported as well
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlyes infoat REST API level; other APIs in progressAccess rights for users, groups and rolesnono
More information provided by the system vendor
GRAKN.AIHiveIRONdbRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame
Specific characteristicsGrakn is the knowledge graph to organise complex networks of data and making it queryable,...
» more
IRONdb is a highly available, distributed Time Series Database. It can support dozens...
» more
Competitive advantagesExpressive and flexible data model: The meta-schema of Grakn allows for modelling...
» more
Unmatched Scalability IRONdb is unique among TSDBs in that it does not use a consensus...
» more
Typical application scenariosLife sciences : Grakn makes working with biological data much easier and accelerates...
» more
Real Systems Monitoring Monitor your systems infrastructure in real time across thousands...
» more
Key customersIRONdb serves the needs of the world's largest Time Series Database customers. One...
» more
Market metricsOnly TSDB capable of scaling to billions of metrics. Only TSDB to scale to dozens...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsAGPL and Commercial . The commercial license is priced based on cluster resources...
» more
IRONdb is licensed under a subscription model based on the number of active metrics...
» more

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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3rd partiesDremio is like magic for Hive accelerating your analytical queries up to 1,000x.
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More resources
GRAKN.AIHiveIRONdbRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame
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Conferences and events

Grakn Cosmos, the universal conference of technologies built using Grakn
London, UK, 6-7 February 2020

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