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DBMS > GRAKN.AI vs. GraphDB vs. JanusGraph vs. TiDB

System Properties Comparison GRAKN.AI vs. GraphDB vs. JanusGraph vs. TiDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGRAKN.AI  Xexclude from comparisonGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIM  Xexclude from comparisonJanusGraph infosuccessor of Titan  Xexclude from comparisonTiDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionGrakn is a distributed, hyper-relational database for managing complex data that serves as a knowledge base for cognitive/AI systems.Enterprise RDF and graph database with efficient reasoning, cluster and external index synchronization supportA Graph DBMS optimized for distributed clusters infoIt was forked from the latest code base of Titan in January 2017TiDB is an open source distributed Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) database that supports MySQL and Spark SQL syntaxes.
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
Relational DBMS infoOften described as a 'hyper-relational' database, since it implements the 'Entity-Relationship Paradigm' to manage complex data structures and ontologies.
Graph DBMS
RDF store
Graph DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.28
Rank#243  Overall
#18  Graph DBMS
#115  Relational DBMS
Score1.14
Rank#137  Overall
#8  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Score1.77
Rank#119  Overall
#6  Graph DBMS
Score1.57
Rank#126  Overall
#62  Relational DBMS
Websitegrakn.aigraphdb.ontotext.comjanusgraph.orgpingcap.com
Technical documentationdev.grakn.ai/­docsgraphdb.ontotext.com/­documentationdocs.janusgraph.orgpingcap.com/­docs
DeveloperGrakn Labs LtdOntotextLinux Foundation; originally developed as Titan by AureliusPingCAP, Inc.
Initial release2016200020172016
Current release1.6.2, January 20208.8, January 20190.4.0, July 20193.0.0, June 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL Version 3, commercial licenses availablecommercial infolimited edition freeOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono infoNamed S4, Ontotext provides a semantic graph database based on GraphDB in the cloud.nono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaJavaJavaGo, Rust
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VM
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Linux
Data schemeyesschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono
Secondary indexesyesyes, supports real-time synchronization and indexing in SOLR/Elastic search/Lucene and GeoSPARQL geometry data indexesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSPARQL is used as query languagenoyes
APIs and other access methodsconsole (shell)
gRPC protocol
Workbase (visualisation software)
GeoSPARQL
Java API
RDF4J API
RIO
Sail API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL 1.1
Java API
TinkerPop Blueprints
TinkerPop Frames
TinkerPop Gremlin
TinkerPop Rexster
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
Supported programming languagesAll JVM based languages
Groovy
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
.Net
C#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Clojure
Java
Python
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoJava Server Pluginyesno
Triggersnonoyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoby using Cassandranoneyes infodepending on the used storage backend (e.g. Cassandra, HBase, BerkeleyDB)horizontal partitioning (by key range)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication infoby using CassandraMaster-master replicationyesUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infoby using Apache Kafka and Apache Zookeepernoyes infovia Faunus, a graph analytics engineyes infowith TiSpark Connector
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency, Eventual consistency (configurable in cluster mode per master or individual client request)Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityno infosubstituted by the relationship featureyes infoConstraint checkingyes infoRelationships in graphsno infocurrently only supported in syntax
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoSupports various storage backends: Cassandra, HBase, Berkeley DB, Akiban, Hazelcastyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlyes infoat REST API level; other APIs in progressyesUser authentification and security via Rexster Graph ServerUsers with fine-grained authorization concept. No user groups or roles.
More information provided by the system vendor
GRAKN.AIGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMJanusGraph infosuccessor of TitanTiDB
Specific characteristicsGrakn is the knowledge graph to organise complex networks of data and making it queryable,...
» more
GraphDB Enterprise is a high-performance semantic repository created by Ontotext....
» more
TiDB is an open source distributed scalable hybrid transactional and analytical processing...
» more
Competitive advantagesExpressive and flexible data model: The meta-schema of Grakn allows for modelling...
» more
GraphDB allows you to link text and data in big knowledge graphs. It’s easy to experiment...
» more
In the current database landscape, infrastructure engineers often have to use one...
» more
Typical application scenariosLife sciences : Grakn makes working with biological data much easier and accelerates...
» more
Metadata enrichment and management, linked open data publishing, semantic inferencing...
» more
TiDB is designed to support both OLTP and OLAP scenarios. You can use TiDB , the...
» more
Key customersBBC, Press Association, Financial Times, DK, Euromoney, The British Museum, Getty...
» more
Bank of Beijing (Banking) Mobike (Ridesharing) Toutiao (Media) Ele.me (Catering)...
» more
Market metricsGraphDB is the most utilized semantic triplestore for mission-critical enterprise...
» more
InfoWorld’s 2018 Best of Open Source Software Award winners 15000+ stars on GitHub...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsAGPL and Commercial . The commercial license is priced based on cluster resources...
» more
GraphDB-Free is free to use. SE and Enterprise are licensed per CPU-Core used. Perpetual...
» more
Open Source Apache 2.0 with either commercial licensing or fully-hosted DB-as-a-service...
» more
News

Ontotext’s Graph Database Helps Create EU-Wide Company Business Graph
23 January 2020

A Graphful of Investment Opportunities
10 January 2020

Ontotext’s Most Popular Blog Posts for 2019
30 December 2019

A New Hope: The Rise of the Knowledge Graph
6 December 2019

The New Improved and Open GraphDB
7 November 2019

Chaos Mesh - Your Chaos Engineering Solution for System Resiliency on Kubernetes
15 January 2020

How TiKV Reads and Writes
11 January 2020

AutoTiKV: TiKV Tuning Made Easy by Machine Learning
27 December 2019

Squashed Bugs, Served Hot and Fresh with Failure Rate Heatmaps
18 December 2019

How We Achieved 40 K QPS and 20+ Billion Rows of Data in a Single Scale-out Cluster
11 December 2019

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
GRAKN.AIGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMJanusGraph infosuccessor of TitanTiDB
Conferences and events

Grakn Cosmos, the universal conference of technologies built using Grakn
London, UK, 6-7 February 2020

Designing Semantic Technology Proof-of-Concept
Online Training, 13:00 – 18:00 UTC, 12 December 2019 (finished)

Ontotext Platform – the Fast Track from an RDF Model to a Knowledge Graph
Online Training, 4pm GMT, 17 December 2019 (finished)

Recent citations in the news

GRAKN.AI: How Haikal Pribadi went from being a refugee to building a database for AI systems
26 October 2017, YourStory.com

Get Started With GRAKN.AI
10 March 2017, DZone News

What Is an Ontology?
15 March 2017, DZone News

Kannur-based startup ArticBot bets big on machine learning
28 October 2017, YourStory.com

Oracle launches startup cloud accelerator in Bristol
20 September 2017, Cloud Pro

provided by Google News

It's just semantics: Bulgarian software dev Ontotext squeezes out GraphDB 9.1
15 January 2020, The Register

GraphDB 9.1 - the Database to Support High-quality Knowledge Graphs
13 January 2020, PRNewswire

Ontotext GraphDB Named Innovator in Bloor's Graph Database Market Research
11 February 2019, PRNewswire

Ontotext's GraphDB 8.10 Makes Knowledge Graph Experience Faster and Richer
13 June 2019, Yahoo Finance

Ontotext's GraphDB 9.0 Open-sources its Front-end and Engine Plugins to Empower Knowledge Graph Solutions
3 October 2019, PRNewswire

provided by Google News

JanusGraph Picks Up Where TitanDB Left Off
13 January 2017, Datanami

Comcast, FireEye, Numberly Among Winners of 2019 Scylla User Awards
6 November 2019, GlobeNewswire

The year of the graph: Getting graphic, going native, reshaping the landscape
8 January 2018, ZDNet

AWS IAM, Amazon Neptune RDF, Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB, and Neo4j 3.5 Support Enhances Data Access and Enterprise Security
9 May 2019, PR Web

The Graph Database Poised To Pounce On The Mainstream
19 September 2018, The Next Platform

provided by Google News

True Influence® Launches the True Influence Marketing Cloud™ Digital Marketing Platform that Provides Enhanced Integrated Marketing and Sales Campaigns in Real-Time
28 January 2020, PRNewswire

TiDB developer PingCAP wants to expand in North America after raising $50M Series C
11 September 2018, TechCrunch

PingCAP offers titanium bullet to switch to its HTAP database
22 January 2019, DevClass

How TiDB combines OLTP and OLAP in a distributed database
17 October 2018, InfoWorld

Percona Unveils Stellar Keynote Schedule for Eighth Annual Percona Live Open Source Database Conference
9 May 2019, GlobeNewswire

provided by Google News

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