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DBMS > Geode vs. GRAKN.AI vs. GraphDB vs. Neo4j vs. Stardog

System Properties Comparison Geode vs. GRAKN.AI vs. GraphDB vs. Neo4j vs. Stardog

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGeode  Xexclude from comparisonGRAKN.AI  Xexclude from comparisonGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIM  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionGeode is a distributed data container, pooling memory, CPU, network resources, and optionally local disk across multiple processesGrakn is a distributed, hyper-relational database for managing complex data that serves as a knowledge base for cognitive/AI systems.Enterprise RDF and graph database with efficient reasoning, cluster and external index synchronization supportOpen source graph databaseEnterprise Knowledge Graph and graph DBMS with high availability and high performance reasoning
Primary database modelKey-value storeGraph DBMS
Relational DBMS infoOften described as a 'hyper-relational' database, since it implements the 'Entity-Relationship Paradigm' to manage complex data structures and ontologies.
Graph DBMS
RDF store
Graph DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.61
Rank#122  Overall
#21  Key-value stores
Score0.23
Rank#248  Overall
#19  Graph DBMS
#116  Relational DBMS
Score1.15
Rank#138  Overall
#8  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Score50.56
Rank#22  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score0.78
Rank#167  Overall
#13  Graph DBMS
#7  RDF stores
Websitegeode.apache.orggrakn.aigraphdb.ontotext.comneo4j.comwww.stardog.com
Technical documentationgeode.apache.org/­docsdev.grakn.ai/­docsgraphdb.ontotext.com/­documentationneo4j.com/­docswww.stardog.com/­docs
DeveloperOriginally developed by Gemstone. They outsourced the project to Apache in 2015 but still deliver a commercial version as Gemfire.Grakn Labs LtdOntotextNeo4j, Inc.Stardog-Union
Initial release20022016200020072010
Current release1.1, February 20171.6.1, December 20198.8, January 20193.5.8, July 20196.2.3, July 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2; commercial licenses available as GemfireOpen Source infoGPL Version 3, commercial licenses availablecommercial infolimited edition freeOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availablecommercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/students
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono infoNamed S4, Ontotext provides a semantic graph database based on GraphDB in the cloud.nono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Neo4j Aura: The simplest way to run Neo4j in the cloud
Implementation languageJavaJavaJavaJava, ScalaJava
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VM infothe JDK (8 or later) is also requiredLinux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VM
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
macOS
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportschema-free and schema-optionalschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono infoImport/export of XML data possible
Secondary indexesnoyesyes, supports real-time synchronization and indexing in SOLR/Elastic search/Lucene and GeoSPARQL geometry data indexesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatial
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query language (OQL)noSPARQL is used as query languagenoSPARQL is used as query language
APIs and other access methodsJava Client API
Memcached protocol
RESTful HTTP API
console (shell)
gRPC protocol
Workbase (visualisation software)
GeoSPARQL
Java API
RDF4J API
RIO
Sail API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL 1.1
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languages.Net
All JVM based languages
C++
Groovy
Java
Scala
All JVM based languages
Groovy
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
.Net
C#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functionsnoJava Server Pluginyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functionsuser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Java
Triggersyes infoCache Event Listenersnonoyes infovia event handleryes infovia event handlers
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infoby using Cassandranonenonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replicationMaster-master replication infoby using CassandraMaster-master replicationCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyMaster-master replication in HA-Cluster
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infoby using Apache Kafka and Apache Zookeepernonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency, Eventual consistency (configurable in cluster mode per master or individual client request)Causal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Immediate Consistency in HA-Cluster
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynono infosubstituted by the relationship featureyes infoConstraint checkingyes infoRelationships in graphsyes inforelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datayes, on a single nodeACIDACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights per client and object definableyes infoat REST API level; other APIs in progressyesUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)Access rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
GeodeGRAKN.AIGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMNeo4jStardog
Specific characteristicsGrakn is the knowledge graph to organise complex networks of data and making it queryable,...
» more
GraphDB Enterprise is a high-performance semantic repository created by Ontotext....
» more
Neo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Stardog is a knowledge graph platform backed by a performant, scalable graph database....
» more
Competitive advantagesExpressive and flexible data model: The meta-schema of Grakn allows for modelling...
» more
GraphDB allows you to link text and data in big knowledge graphs. It’s easy to experiment...
» more
Neo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Stardog is uniquely designed to aid in data integration for your complex data. Benefits...
» more
Typical application scenariosLife sciences : Grakn makes working with biological data much easier and accelerates...
» more
Metadata enrichment and management, linked open data publishing, semantic inferencing...
» more
Real-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Stardog is frequently used for: Anti-money laundering & fraud monitoring Customer...
» more
Key customersBBC, Press Association, Financial Times, DK, Euromoney, The British Museum, Getty...
» more
Over 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Bosch, Dow Jones, Elsevier, Ericsson, Morgan Stanley, NASA, NIH, Nokia, Salesforce,...
» more
Market metricsGraphDB is the most utilized semantic triplestore for mission-critical enterprise...
» more
Neo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Stardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsAGPL and Commercial . The commercial license is priced based on cluster resources...
» more
GraphDB-Free is free to use. SE and Enterprise are licensed per CPU-Core used. Perpetual...
» more
GPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
A fully-featured 60-day Trial license is available for those testing Stardog; contact...
» more
News

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The New Improved and Open GraphDB
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This Week in Neo4j – Full Text Search Tips and Tricks, Learning Geography, MongoDB to Graph
7 December 2019

Graphs on GPUs: 5-Minute Interview with Saul Rosales
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Graphing Space and Time
4 December 2019

This Week in Neo4j – Building a Fashion Knowledge Graph, Carrefour Basket Dataset Challenge, Community detection on Game of Thrones, Analysing Network Traffic
30 November 2019

#GraphCast: “All Graph Databases Are Not Created Equal”
29 November 2019

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
GeodeGRAKN.AIGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMNeo4jStardog
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Conferences and events

Grakn Cosmos, the universal conference of technologies built using Grakn
London, UK, 6-7 February 2020

Designing Semantic Technology Proof-of-Concept
Online Training, 13:00 – 18:00 UTC, 12 December 2019

Ontotext Platform – the Fast Track from an RDF Model to a Knowledge Graph
Online Training, 4pm GMT, 17 December 2019

GraphConnect 2020
New York, USA, 20-22 April 2020

Recent citations in the news

High-Performance Data Processing with Spring Cloud Data Flow and Geode
30 October 2019, InfoQ.com

TIBCO Snaps Up SnappyData: Spark + Geode on Steroids
8 March 2019, Computer Business Review

Where Does Apache Geode Fit in CQRS Architectures?
18 December 2016, InfoQ.com

Simplifying Apache Geode with Spring Data
2 June 2018, InfoQ.com

TIBCO Gets Streaming Boost with SnappyData Deal
7 March 2019, Datanami

provided by Google News

GRAKN.AI: How Haikal Pribadi went from being a refugee to building a database for AI systems
26 October 2017, YourStory.com

Get Started With GRAKN.AI
10 March 2017, DZone News

What Is an Ontology?
15 March 2017, DZone News

Kannur-based startup ArticBot bets big on machine learning
28 October 2017, YourStory.com

Oracle launches startup cloud accelerator in Bristol
20 September 2017, Cloud Pro

provided by Google News

Ontotext GraphDB - Handling Massive Loads, Queries and Inferencing in Real Time.
10 July 2019, KMWorld Magazine

Ontotext GraphDB Named Innovator in Bloor's Graph Database Market Research
11 February 2019, PRNewswire

Ontotext's GraphDB 9.0 Open-sources its Front-end and Engine Plugins to Empower Knowledge Graph Solutions
3 October 2019, PRNewswire

Ontotext's GraphDB 8.10 Makes Knowledge Graph Experience Faster and Richer
13 June 2019, Yahoo Finance

Ontotext's GraphDB 8.9 Boosts Semantic Similarity Search
10 April 2019, PRNewswire

provided by Google News

Neo4J Launches Cloud Graph Database
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