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DBMS > GBase vs. Ignite vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. SAP IQ

System Properties Comparison GBase vs. Ignite vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. SAP IQ

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGBase  Xexclude from comparisonIgnite  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonSAP IQ infoformer name: Sybase IQ  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAn analytical database for business intelligence with large customers in China.Apache Ignite is a memory-centric distributed database, caching, and processing platform for transactional, analytical, and streaming workloads, delivering in-memory speeds at petabyte scale.Elastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL ServerMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSColumnar RDBMS optimized for Big Data analytics
Primary database modelRelational DBMSKey-value store
Relational DBMS
Relational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infocolumn-oriented
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.17
Rank#161  Overall
#78  Relational DBMS
Score6.03
Rank#66  Overall
#9  Key-value stores
#36  Relational DBMS
Score18.49
Rank#38  Overall
#23  Relational DBMS
Score944.81
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score4.86
Rank#75  Overall
#42  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.gbase8a.comignite.apache.orgazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analyticswww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.sap.com/­products/­sybase-iq-big-data-management.html
Technical documentationapacheignite.readme.io/­docsdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analyticsdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverhelp.sap.com/­iq
DeveloperApache Software FoundationMicrosoftMicrosoftSAP, formerly Sybase
Initial release2015201619891994
Current releaseGBase 8aApache Ignite 2.6SQL Server 2019, November 201916.1 SPS04, April 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercialcommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++, Java, .NetC++C++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
hostedLinux
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnoyesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLANSI-99 for query and DML statements, subset of DDLyesyesyes
APIs and other access methodsHDFS API
Hibernate
JCache
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Java
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C#
Java
PHP
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
C
C#
C++
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes (compute grid and cache interceptors can be used instead)Transact SQLTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javayes
Triggersyes (cache interceptors and events)noyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding, horizontal partitioningtables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationshared disk or shared nothing architectures with SAP IQ Multiplexer
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes (replicated cache)yesyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionSAP/Sybase Replication Server
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes (compute grid and hadoop accelerator)nonoHadoop integration
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynono infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraintsyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlSecurity Hooks for custom implementationsyesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
GBaseIgniteMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data WarehouseMicrosoft SQL ServerSAP IQ infoformer name: Sybase IQ
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