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DBMS > GBase vs. Hazelcast vs. Microsoft Azure Data Explorer vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. TiDB

System Properties Comparison GBase vs. Hazelcast vs. Microsoft Azure Data Explorer vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. TiDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGBase  Xexclude from comparisonHazelcast  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Data Explorer  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure  Xexclude from comparisonTiDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAn analytical database for business intelligence with large customers in China.A widely adopted in-memory data gridFully managed big data interactive analytics platformDatabase as a Service offering with high compatibility to Microsoft SQL ServerTiDB is an open source distributed Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) database that supports MySQL and Spark SQL syntaxes.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSKey-value storeRelational DBMS infocolumn orientedRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store infoJSON support with IMDG 3.12Document store infoIf a column is of type dynamic docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­scalar-data-types/­dynamic then it's possible to add arbitrary JSON documents in this cell
Event Store infothis is the general usage pattern at Microsoft. Billing, Logs, Telemetry events are stored in ADX and the state of an individual entity is defined by the arg_max(timestamps)
Search engine infosupport for complex search expressions docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­parseoperator FTS, Geospatial docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­geo-point-to-geohash-function distributed search -> ADX acts as a distributed search engine
Time Series DBMS infosee docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­data-explorer/­time-series-analysis
Document store
Graph DBMS
Document store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.87
Rank#175  Overall
#86  Relational DBMS
Score9.29
Rank#43  Overall
#5  Key-value stores
Score3.53
Rank#84  Overall
#42  Relational DBMS
Score56.85
Rank#17  Overall
#11  Relational DBMS
Score2.06
Rank#122  Overall
#60  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.gbase8a.comhazelcast.comazure.microsoft.com/­services/­data-explorerazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­sql-databasepingcap.com
Technical documentationhazelcast.org/­imdg/­docsdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­data-explorerdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­sql-databasepingcap.com/­docs
DeveloperHazelcastMicrosoftMicrosoftPingCAP, Inc.
Initial release2008201920102016
Current releaseGBase 8a4.0, February 2020cloud service with continuous releasesV124.0.1, June 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2; commercial licenses availablecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyesyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaC++Go, Rust
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMhostedhostedLinux
Data schemeschema-freeFixed schema with schema-less datatypes (dynamic)yesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infobool, datetime, dynamic, guid, int, long, real, string, timespan, double: docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­scalar-data-typesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infothe object must implement a serialization strategyyesyesno
Secondary indexesyesall fields are automatically indexedyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languageKusto Query Language (KQL), SQL subsetyesyes
APIs and other access methodsJCache
JPA
Memcached protocol
RESTful HTTP API
Microsoft SQL Server communication protocol (MS-TDS)
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
Supported programming languages.Net
C#
C++
Clojure
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
.Net
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PowerShell
Python
R
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoEvent Listeners, Executor ServicesYes, possible languages: KQL, Python, RTransact SQLno
Triggersyes infoEventsyes infosee docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­management/­updatepolicyyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicehorizontal partitioning (by key range)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoReplicated Mapyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud service. Replication either local, cross-facility or geo-redundant.yes, with always 3 replicas availableUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnonoyes infowith TiSpark Connector
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency selectable by user infoRaft Consensus AlgorithmEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyesno infocurrently only supported in syntax
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataone or two-phase-commit; repeatable reads; read commitednoACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnono
User concepts infoAccess controlRole-based access controlAzure Active Directory Authenticationfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers with fine-grained authorization concept. No user groups or roles.
More information provided by the system vendor
GBaseHazelcastMicrosoft Azure Data ExplorerMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzureTiDB
Specific characteristicsHazelcast is an in-memory computing platform that runs applications with extremely...
» more
Azure Data Explorer is a fast and highly scalable data exploration service for log...
» more
TiDB is an open-source NewSQL database built by PingCAP. TiDB supports Hybrid Transactional...
» more
Competitive advantagesHazelcast has an optimized, multi-threaded architecture that enables the highest...
» more
Kusto Query Language (innovative query language, optimized for high performance data...
» more
In the current database landscape, infrastructure engineers often have to use one...
» more
Typical application scenariosHazelcast powers many types of large-scale, data processing applications. A sample...
» more
IoT applications IoT devices generate billions of sensor readings. Normalizing and...
» more
TiDB is designed to support both OLTP and OLAP scenarios. You can use TiDB , the...
» more
Key customersHazelcast customers include 50 of the world’s largest financial services companies,...
» more
Microsoft, DocuSign, Taboola, Bosch, Siemens Healthineers, Bühler, Ecolab, Zoomd
» more
Shopee (E-commerce) BookMyShow.com (E-commerce) Yiguo.com (E-commerce) JD Cloud &...
» more
Market metricsAzure Data Explorer is the data service for Azure Monitor, Azure Time Series Insights,...
» more
InfoWorld’s 2018 Best of Open Source Software Award winners 24200+ stars on GitHub...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsHazelcast provides both open source and commercial software. The open source offering...
» more
Open Source Apache 2.0 with either commercial licensing or fully-hosted DB-as-a-service...
» more
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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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