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DBMS > GBase vs. Hazelcast vs. MariaDB vs. Microsoft Azure Data Explorer vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database

System Properties Comparison GBase vs. Hazelcast vs. MariaDB vs. Microsoft Azure Data Explorer vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGBase  Xexclude from comparisonHazelcast  Xexclude from comparisonMariaDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Data Explorer  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAn analytical database for business intelligence with large customers in China.A widely adopted in-memory data gridMySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. With MariaDB ColumnStore a column-oriented storage engine is available too.Fully managed big data interactive analytics platformDatabase as a Service offering with high compatibility to Microsoft SQL Server
Primary database modelRelational DBMSKey-value storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infocolumn orientedRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store infoJSON support with IMDG 3.12Document store
Graph DBMS infowith OQGraph storage engine
Document store infoIf a column is of type dynamic docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­scalar-data-types/­dynamic then it's possible to add arbitrary JSON documents in this cell
Event Store infothis is the general usage pattern at Microsoft. Billing, Logs, Telemetry events are stored in ADX and the state of an individual entity is defined by the arg_max(timestamps)
Search engine infosupport for complex search expressions docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­parseoperator FTS, Geospatial docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­geo-point-to-geohash-function distributed search -> ADX acts as a distributed search engine
Time Series DBMS infosee docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­data-explorer/­time-series-analysis
Document store
Graph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.87
Rank#175  Overall
#86  Relational DBMS
Score9.29
Rank#43  Overall
#5  Key-value stores
Score90.92
Rank#12  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Score3.53
Rank#84  Overall
#42  Relational DBMS
Score56.85
Rank#17  Overall
#11  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.gbase8a.comhazelcast.commariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
azure.microsoft.com/­services/­data-explorerazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­sql-database
Technical documentationhazelcast.org/­imdg/­docsmariadb.com/­kb/­en/­librarydocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­data-explorerdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­sql-database
DeveloperHazelcastMariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
MicrosoftMicrosoft
Initial release2008200920192010
Current releaseGBase 8a4.0, February 202010.4.12, January 2020cloud service with continuous releasesV12
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2; commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription availablecommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononoyesyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • SkySQL (The Ultimate MariaDB Cloud): The first and only DBaaS to bring the full power of MariaDB Platform to the cloud, combining powerful enterprise features and world-class support with unrivaled ease of use and groundbreaking innovation.
  • Azure Database for MariaDB: A fully managed, scalable MariaDB relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
Implementation languageJavaC and C++C++
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMFreeBSD
Linux
Solaris
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
hostedhosted
Data schemeschema-freeyes infoDynamic columns are supportedFixed schema with schema-less datatypes (dynamic)yes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infobool, datetime, dynamic, guid, int, long, real, string, timespan, double: docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­scalar-data-typesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infothe object must implement a serialization strategyyesyesyes
Secondary indexesyesyesall fields are automatically indexedyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languageyes infowith proprietary extensionsKusto Query Language (KQL), SQL subsetyes
APIs and other access methodsJCache
JPA
Memcached protocol
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
Microsoft SQL Server communication protocol (MS-TDS)
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages.Net
C#
C++
Clojure
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PowerShell
Python
R
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoEvent Listeners, Executor Servicesyes infoPL/SQL compatibility added with version 10.3Yes, possible languages: KQL, Python, RTransact SQL
Triggersyes infoEventsyesyes infosee docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­management/­updatepolicyyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingHorizontal partitioning, sharding with Spider storage engine or Galera cluster infoPartitioning by range, list, hash, keySharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoReplicated MapMulti-source replication infousing MariaDB Galera Cluster
Source-replica replication
yes infoImplicit feature of the cloud service. Replication either local, cross-facility or geo-redundant.yes, with always 3 replicas available
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency selectable by user infoRaft Consensus AlgorithmImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infonot for MyISAM storage enginenoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataone or two-phase-commit; repeatable reads; read commitedACID infonot for MyISAM storage enginenoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infonot for in-memory storage engineyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes infowith MEMORY storage engineno
User concepts infoAccess controlRole-based access controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAzure Active Directory Authenticationfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
GBaseHazelcastMariaDBMicrosoft Azure Data ExplorerMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure
Specific characteristicsHazelcast is an in-memory computing platform that runs applications with extremely...
» more
Open source database from the creators of MySQL, enhanced with enterprise tools and...
» more
Azure Data Explorer is a fast and highly scalable data exploration service for log...
» more
Competitive advantagesHazelcast has an optimized, multi-threaded architecture that enables the highest...
» more
High availability, scalability, performance beyond MySQL and other databases.
» more
Kusto Query Language (innovative query language, optimized for high performance data...
» more
Typical application scenariosHazelcast powers many types of large-scale, data processing applications. A sample...
» more
Web, SaaS and Cloud operational/transactional applications that require high availability,...
» more
IoT applications IoT devices generate billions of sensor readings. Normalizing and...
» more
Key customersHazelcast customers include 50 of the world’s largest financial services companies,...
» more
Booking.com, Wikipedia, Google, Canal+, ClubMed, Deutsche Telekom, La Poste, Virgin...
» more
Microsoft, DocuSign, Taboola, Bosch, Siemens Healthineers, Bühler, Ecolab, Zoomd
» more
Market metricsMariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...
» more
Azure Data Explorer is the data service for Azure Monitor, Azure Time Series Insights,...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsHazelcast provides both open source and commercial software. The open source offering...
» more

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3rd partiesAzure Database for MariaDB: Easily deploy applications to the cloud.
» more

Navicat for MariaDB provides a native environment for MariaDB database management and development.
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More resources
GBaseHazelcastMariaDBMicrosoft Azure Data ExplorerMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure
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