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DBMS > GBase vs. Hazelcast vs. Lovefield vs. Microsoft Azure Data Explorer vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database

System Properties Comparison GBase vs. Hazelcast vs. Lovefield vs. Microsoft Azure Data Explorer vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGBase  Xexclude from comparisonHazelcast  Xexclude from comparisonLovefield  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Data Explorer  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAn analytical database for business intelligence with large customers in China.A widely adopted in-memory data gridEmbeddable relational database for web apps written in pure JavaScriptFully managed big data interactive analytics platformDatabase as a Service offering with high compatibility to Microsoft SQL Server
Primary database modelRelational DBMSKey-value storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infocolumn orientedRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store infoJSON support with IMDG 3.12Document store infoIf a column is of type dynamic docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­scalar-data-types/­dynamic then it's possible to add arbitrary JSON documents in this cell
Event Store infothis is the general usage pattern at Microsoft. Billing, Logs, Telemetry events are stored in ADX and the state of an individual entity is defined by the arg_max(timestamps)
Search engine infosupport for complex search expressions docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­parseoperator FTS, Geospatial docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­geo-point-to-geohash-function distributed search -> ADX acts as a distributed search engine
Time Series DBMS infosee docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­data-explorer/­time-series-analysis
Document store
Graph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.87
Rank#175  Overall
#86  Relational DBMS
Score9.29
Rank#43  Overall
#5  Key-value stores
Score0.29
Rank#257  Overall
#118  Relational DBMS
Score3.53
Rank#84  Overall
#42  Relational DBMS
Score56.85
Rank#17  Overall
#11  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.gbase8a.comhazelcast.comgoogle.github.io/­lovefieldazure.microsoft.com/­services/­data-explorerazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­sql-database
Technical documentationhazelcast.org/­imdg/­docsgithub.com/­google/­lovefield/­blob/­master/­docs/­spec_index.mddocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­data-explorerdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­sql-database
DeveloperHazelcastGoogleMicrosoftMicrosoft
Initial release2008201420192010
Current releaseGBase 8a4.0, February 20202.1.12, February 2017cloud service with continuous releasesV12
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2; commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononoyesyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaJavaScriptC++
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMserver-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js) infotested with Chrome, Firefox, IE, Safarihostedhosted
Data schemeschema-freeyesFixed schema with schema-less datatypes (dynamic)yes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infobool, datetime, dynamic, guid, int, long, real, string, timespan, double: docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­scalar-data-typesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infothe object must implement a serialization strategynoyesyes
Secondary indexesyesyesall fields are automatically indexedyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languageSQL-like query language infovia JavaScript builder patternKusto Query Language (KQL), SQL subsetyes
APIs and other access methodsJCache
JPA
Memcached protocol
RESTful HTTP API
Microsoft SQL Server communication protocol (MS-TDS)
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages.Net
C#
C++
Clojure
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
JavaScript.Net
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PowerShell
Python
R
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoEvent Listeners, Executor ServicesnoYes, possible languages: KQL, Python, RTransact SQL
Triggersyes infoEventsUsing read-only observersyes infosee docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­management/­updatepolicyyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnoneSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoReplicated Mapnoneyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud service. Replication either local, cross-facility or geo-redundant.yes, with always 3 replicas available
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency selectable by user infoRaft Consensus AlgorithmEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataone or two-phase-commit; repeatable reads; read commitedACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes, by using IndexedDB or the cloud service Firebase Realtime Databaseyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes infousing MemoryDBno
User concepts infoAccess controlRole-based access controlnoAzure Active Directory Authenticationfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
GBaseHazelcastLovefieldMicrosoft Azure Data ExplorerMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure
Specific characteristicsHazelcast is an in-memory computing platform that runs applications with extremely...
» more
Azure Data Explorer is a fast and highly scalable data exploration service for log...
» more
Competitive advantagesHazelcast has an optimized, multi-threaded architecture that enables the highest...
» more
Kusto Query Language (innovative query language, optimized for high performance data...
» more
Typical application scenariosHazelcast powers many types of large-scale, data processing applications. A sample...
» more
IoT applications IoT devices generate billions of sensor readings. Normalizing and...
» more
Key customersHazelcast customers include 50 of the world’s largest financial services companies,...
» more
Microsoft, DocuSign, Taboola, Bosch, Siemens Healthineers, Bühler, Ecolab, Zoomd
» more
Market metricsAzure Data Explorer is the data service for Azure Monitor, Azure Time Series Insights,...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsHazelcast provides both open source and commercial software. The open source offering...
» more

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More resources
GBaseHazelcastLovefieldMicrosoft Azure Data ExplorerMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure
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