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DBMS > GBase vs. Google Cloud Spanner vs. LMDB

System Properties Comparison GBase vs. Google Cloud Spanner vs. LMDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGBase  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparisonLMDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionWidely used RDBMS in China, including analytical, transactional, distributed transactional, and cloud-native data warehousing.A horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.A high performant, light-weight, embedded key-value database library
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSKey-value store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.05
Rank#186  Overall
#86  Relational DBMS
Score2.84
Rank#100  Overall
#51  Relational DBMS
Score2.09
Rank#121  Overall
#20  Key-value stores
Websitewww.gbase.cncloud.google.com/­spannerwww.symas.com/­symas-embedded-database-lmdb
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­spanner/­docswww.lmdb.tech/­doc
DeveloperGeneral Data Technology Co., Ltd.GoogleSymas
Initial release200420172011
Current releaseGBase 8a, GBase 8s, GBase 8c0.9.32, January 2024
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC, Java, PythonC
Server operating systemsLinuxhostedLinux
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyesyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnono
Secondary indexesyesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLStandard with numerous extensionsyes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011no
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
C API
JDBC
ODBC
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesC#Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
.Net
C
C++
Clojure
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Nim
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Rust
Swift
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresuser defined functionsnono
Triggersyesnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning (by range, list and hash) and vertical partitioningShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesMulti-source replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.none
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflowno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integrityno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infoStrict serializable isolationACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlyesAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)no

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More resources
GBaseGoogle Cloud SpannerLMDB
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