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DBMS > FoundationDB vs. Tarantool vs. TypeDB

System Properties Comparison FoundationDB vs. Tarantool vs. TypeDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFoundationDB  Xexclude from comparisonTarantool  Xexclude from comparisonTypeDB infoformerly named Grakn  Xexclude from comparison
Created as commercial project in 2013, FoundationDB has been acquired by Apple in March 2015 and was withdrawn from the market. As a consequence, the product was removed from the DB-Engines ranking. In April 2018, Apple open-sourced FoundationDB and it therefore reappears in the ranking.
DescriptionOrdered key-value store. Core features are complimented by layers.In-memory computing platform with a flexible data schema for efficiently building high-performance applicationsTypeDB is a strongly-typed database with a rich and logical type system and TypeQL as its query language
Primary database modelDocument store infosupported via specific layer
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infosupported via specific SQL-layer
Key-value storeGraph DBMS
Relational DBMS infoOften described as a 'hyper-relational' database, since it implements the 'Entity-Relationship Paradigm' to manage complex data structures and ontologies.
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Relational DBMS
Spatial DBMS infowith Tarantool/GIS extension
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.78
Rank#144  Overall
#25  Document stores
#27  Key-value stores
#70  Relational DBMS
Score1.92
Rank#140  Overall
#26  Key-value stores
Score1.21
Rank#185  Overall
#17  Graph DBMS
#88  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.foundationdb.orgwww.tarantool.iovaticle.com
Technical documentationapple.github.io/­foundationdbwww.tarantool.io/­en/­docdocs.vaticle.com
DeveloperFoundationDBVKVaticle (formerly Grakn Labs)
Initial release201320082016
Current release6.2.28, November 20202.10.0, May 20222.12.0, November 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoBSDOpen Source infoGPL Version 3, commercial licenses available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++C and C++Java
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
BSD
Linux
macOS
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeschema-free infosome layers support schemasschema-free, schema definition possibleyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateno infosome layers support typingstring, double, decimal, uuid, integer, blob, booleanyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLsupported in specific SQL layer onlyFull-featured ANSI SQL supportno
APIs and other access methodsOpen binary protocolgRPC protocol
TypeDB Console (shell)
TypeDB Studio (Visualisation software- previously TypeDB Workbase)
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Swift
C
C#
C++
Erlang
Go
Java
JavaScript
Lua
Perl
PHP
Python
Rust
All JVM based languages
Groovy
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin SQL-layer onlyLua, C and SQL stored proceduresno
Triggersnoyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingHash sharding based on virtual bucketsSharding infoby using Cassandra
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication infoby using Cassandra
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infoby using Apache Kafka and Apache Zookeeper
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemLinearizable consistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityin SQL-layer onlyyes, with SQLno infosubstituted by the relationship feature
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID, read commitedACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes, cooperative multitaskingyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes, regular snapshots on disk, write ahead loggingyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes, full featured in-memory storage engine with persistenceno
User concepts infoAccess controlnoAccess rights for users and rolesyes infoat REST API level; other APIs in progress
More information provided by the system vendor
FoundationDBTarantoolTypeDB infoformerly named Grakn
Specific characteristicsMeet TypeDB (and TypeQL ) TypeDB is a strongly-typed database with a rich and logical...
» more
Competitive advantagesEntity-Relationship Model TypeDB allows you to model your domain using the well-known...
» more
Typical application scenariosLife sciences : TypeDB makes working with biological data much easier and accelerates...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsAGPL and Commercial . The commercial license is priced based on cluster resources...
» more

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More resources
FoundationDBTarantoolTypeDB infoformerly named Grakn
DB-Engines blog posts

Data processing speed and reliability: in-memory synchronous replication
9 November 2021,  Vladimir Perepelytsya, Tarantool (sponsor) 

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Recent citations in the news

IBM Cloudant pulls plan to fund new foundational layer for CouchDB
15 March 2022, The Register

Apple Acquires Durable Database Company FoundationDB
24 March 2015, TechCrunch

Apple Open Sources FoundationDB
19 April 2018, MacRumors

Apple open-sources FoundationDB database to build open development community
20 April 2018, Daily Host News

Apple's FoundationDB takes new Record Layer open source, confirms tech underpins CloudKit
14 January 2019, AppleInsider

provided by Google News

Tarantool: A Lua-based database engine
13 April 2016, opensource.com

provided by Google News

Speedb's Data Storage Engine Goes Open Source
9 November 2022, Datanami

How to Aid Disease Research with a Biomedical Knowledge Graph
29 July 2021, hackernoon.com

provided by Google News

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