DB-EnginesInfluxDB download bannerEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > FoundationDB vs. Spark SQL vs. SQLite

System Properties Comparison FoundationDB vs. Spark SQL vs. SQLite

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameFoundationDB  Xexclude from comparisonSpark SQL  Xexclude from comparisonSQLite  Xexclude from comparison
Created as commercial project in 2013, FoundationDB has been acquired by Apple in March 2015 and was withdrawn from the market. As a consequence, the product was removed from the DB-Engines ranking. In April 2018, Apple open-sourced FoundationDB and it therefore reappears in the ranking.
DescriptionOrdered key-value store. Core features are complimented by layers.Spark SQL is a component on top of 'Spark Core' for structured data processingWidely used in-process RDBMS
Primary database modelDocument store infosupported via specific layer
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infosupported via specific SQL-layer
Relational DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.86
Rank#162  Overall
#24  Document stores
#28  Key-value stores
#79  Relational DBMS
Score17.15
Rank#35  Overall
#21  Relational DBMS
Score121.95
Rank#10  Overall
#7  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.foundationdb.orgspark.apache.org/­sqlwww.sqlite.org
Technical documentationapple.github.io/­foundationdbspark.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­sql-programming-guide.htmlwww.sqlite.org/­docs.html
DeveloperFoundationDBApache Software FoundationDwayne Richard Hipp
Initial release201320142000
Current release6.2.11, November 20192.4.5, February 20203.31.0, January 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoPublic Domain
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++ScalaC
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
server-less
Data schemeschema-free infosome layers support schemasyesyes infodynamic column types
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateno infosome layers support typingyesyes infonot rigid because of 'dynamic typing' concept.
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesnonoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLsupported in specific SQL layer onlySQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes infoSQL-92 is not fully supported
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET infoinofficial driver
JDBC infoinofficial driver
ODBC infoinofficial driver
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Swift
Java
Python
R
Scala
Actionscript
Ada
Basic
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Forth
Fortran
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresin SQL-layer onlynono
Triggersnonoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingyes, utilizing Spark Corenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesnonenone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemLinearizable consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityin SQL-layer onlynoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infovia file-system locks
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlnonono

More information provided by the system vendor

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesNavicat for SQLite is a powerful and comprehensive SQLite GUI that provides a complete set of functions for database management and development.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
FoundationDBSpark SQLSQLite
DB-Engines blog posts

Big gains for Relational Database Management Systems in DB-Engines Ranking
2 February 2016, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

Recent citations in the news

Beyond the mainstream database offerings
26 March 2020, Corporate IT

CouchDB Adds Live Shard Splitting
2 March 2020, iProgrammer

FoundationDB, a very interesting NoSQL database owned by Apple, is now an open-source project
19 April 2018, GeekWire

Apple Acquires Durable Database Company FoundationDB
24 March 2015, TechCrunch

Apple’s FoundationDB open sources the database layer behind CloudKit
14 January 2019, 9to5Mac

provided by Google News

Why Is Databricks Gaining Traction?
18 March 2020, Analytics India Magazine

Alluxio Unveils Structured Data Service, Enabling Structured Data Applications to Interact Up to 5x Faster with Data
11 March 2020, Yahoo Finance

Complete 2020 Python Programming Certification Bundle Is Up For A Massive Discount For A Few Days – Avail Now
24 March 2020, Wccftech

GridGain Experts Share In-Memory Computing Strategies, Offer Practical Advice at Industry Events Around the World
2 March 2020, GlobeNewswire

Data Science vs. Machine Learning: Top 10 Differences
16 March 2020, Toolbox

provided by Google News

Fedora Looking To Transition The RPM Database From Berkeley DB To SQLite
16 March 2020, Phoronix

Beyond the mainstream database offerings
26 March 2020, Corporate IT

Learn SQL and database design with Raspberry Pi
19 March 2020, Blogdottv

Facebook Natively Rewrites Messenger to Make it Faster and Smaller on iOS
3 March 2020, InfoQ.com

Facebook revamps Messenger, cuts code from 1.7 million lines to 360,000
2 March 2020, ZDNet

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Data Scientist
Lucas Systems, Wexford, PA

Data Scientist
Lucas Systems, Inc., Wexford, PA

Software Engineer, Supply Chain Automation
Tesla, Fremont, CA

Software Engineer - Platform Integration
ANDURIL INDUSTRIES, Irvine, CA

Wikibuy Senior DevOps Engineer
Capital One - US, Austin, TX

Hive/ SQL /Hadoop
Techbits, NR Consulting, Hartford, CT

Spark Developer
PDT, Los Angeles, CA

Hadoop/Spark Developer
Need resource, Dublin, CA

Spark/Hadoop Developer
Zentek Infosoft INC, Sunnyvale, CA

Junior Data Engineer -AWS
Rexo Solutions, Wilmington, IL

Software Developer - Remote Opportunity
Adela Technologies, Remote

Database Administrator
Improvix Technologies, Washington, DC

Applications Programmer 4
University of California Merced, Merced, CA

Android Developer
ATM.com, Newport Beach, CA

C++ Developer
Aatrix Software, Inc., Grand Forks, ND

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

MariaDB logo

How do MariaDB, Oracle MySQL and EnterpriseDB compare?
Get the white paper to
learn more.

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.

Datastax Luna logo

Simple, subscription-based support for open source
Apache Cassandra™ from the Cassandra experts.
Learn more.

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

Present your product here